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Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States are home to almost two-thirds of all high-skilled migrants ...

„Four Anglo-Saxon destinations – Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States – are home to almost two-thirds of all high-skilled migrants.“

World Bank Group (Hrsg.), „Moving for Prosperity“ (2018), S. 31

 

The estimated revenue from foreign students’ tuition fees in Australia and New Zealand ...

„In Australia and New Zealand, the estimated revenue from foreign students’ tuition fees exceeds one-quarter of the total expenditure on tertiary educational institutions.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Indicators in Focus 51“ (April 2017), S. 1

 

Bildungsgebühren fur einen Bachelor- oder gleichwertigen Bildungsgang in privaten und öffentlichen Bildungseinrichtungen in Australien, Japan und Korea ...

„In Australien, Japan und Korea betragen die Bildungsgebühren fur einen Bachelor- oder gleichwertigen Bildungsgang in privaten Bildungseinrichtungen mehr als 8.000 US-Dollar gegenüber 4.500 US-Dollar bis 5.300 US-Dollar in öffentlichen Bildungseinrichtungen. In den Vereinigten Staaten verlangen unabhängige private Bildungseinrichtungen für Bachelor- oder gleichwertige Bildungsgänge mit durchschnittlichen jährlichen Bildungsgebühren von fast 21.200 US-Dollar mehr als das Zweieinhalbfache der durchschnittlichen jährlichen Bildungsgebühren an öffentlichen Bildungseinrichtungen (rund 8.200 US-Dollar).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Bildung auf einen Blick 2017“ (2017), S. 261f

 

In Australien, Kanada, Neuseeland und den Vereinigten Staaten bezahlen ausländische Bildungsteilnehmer mehr ...

„In Australien, Kanada, Neuseeland und den Vereinigten Staaten bezahlen ausländische Bildungsteilnehmer im Durchschnitt mehr als 10.000 US-Dollar mehr pro Jahr als inländische Bildungsteilnehmer.In Polen und Schweden ist der Besuch des Tertiärbereichs an öffentlichen Bildungseinrichtungen für inländische Bildungsteilnehmer kostenlos, während Bildungsteilnehmer aus Ländern außerhalb der EU mehr als 4.500 US-Dollar für einen Bachelorbildungsgang zahlen müssen.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Bildung auf einen Blick 2017“ (2017), S. 265

 

Bildungsgebühren internationaler Bildungsteilnehmer ...

„In vielen Ländern zahlen internationale Bildungsteilnehmer im Tertiärbereich höhere Bildungsgebühren als inländische Bildungsteilnehmer. Die Differenz ist in Australien und Kanada besonders groß. Hier bezahlen internationale Bildungsteilnehmer im Tertiärbereich dreimal so viel wie inländische Bildungsteilnehmer, ebenso in Schweden, wo internationale Bildungsteilnehmer jährlich zwischen 9.000 US-Dollar (öffentliche Einrichtungen) und 10.400 US-Dollar (private Einrichtungen) bezahlen, während sich inländische Bildungsteilnehmer kostenlos einschreiben konnen.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Bildung auf einen Blick 2017“ (2017), S. 368

 

Five-year-old children from low SES show higher levels of attention and behaviour problems ...

„Longitudinal studies conducted in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States show that five-year-old children from low SES show higher levels of attention and behaviour problems compared to their peers from high SES.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Educational Opportunity for All“ (2017), S. 65

 

Australiens hochselektive Einwanderungspolitik ...

„Australia […] has highly selective criteria for immigration, including a high level of proficiency in English.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Why are immigrants less proficient in literacy than native-born adults?“ (2017), S. 3

 

House prices in the area of good schools ...

„In the UK and Australia house prices are more expensive in the catchment area of good schools.“

Dr. Philip Parker u. a., „A Multination Study of Socioeconomic Inequality in Expectations for Progression to Higher Education“. In: „American Educational Research Journal“, February 2016, Vol. 53, No. 1, S. 12

 

Public/private school divisions remain relatively common in Australia ...

„Ability stratification based on geography is common in the United States, and public/private school divisions remain relatively common in Australia and Great Britain.“

Dr. Philip Parker u. a., „A Multination Study of Socioeconomic Inequality in Expectations for Progression to Higher Education“. In: „American Educational Research Journal“, February 2016, Vol. 53, No. 1, S. 24

 

Harsher restrictions when attempting to enter Canada, New Zealand and Australia ...

„Anticipating that they will encounter harsher restrictions when attempting to enter Canada, New Zealand and Australia, low-educated individuals intending to move abroad mention as their desired destination countries that impose less restrictions on low-skilled migration.“

Dr. Flore Gubert u.a., „Is the European Union attractive for potential migrants?“ (2016), S. 27

 

In Australia, Canada (Quebec), Chinese Taipei, Finland, Lithuania, and Slovenia, more equity was observed in schools with greater emphasis on academic success ...

„School emphasis on academic success had the most significant influence on the relationship between SES and achievement. In Australia, Canada (Quebec), Chinese Taipei, Finland, Lithuania, and Slovenia, more equity was observed in schools with greater emphasis on academic success.“

Dr. Trude Nielsen u. a., „Are school characteristics related to equity?“ (2016), S. 4

 

Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have more well-educated immigrants and a stable inflow ...

„A number of European countries tend to receive more immigrants with lower education and a fluctuating inflow of migrants, while Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have more well-educated immigrants and a stable inflow.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 75

 

In Australia, Chile, Japan, Korea and the United States, over half of the expenditure on tertiary education comes from private sources ...

„In Australia, Chile, Japan, Korea and the United States, over half of the expenditure on tertiary education comes from private sources, accounting for at least 1 % of GDP.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 199

 

Annual tuition fees for foreign students ...

„Annual tuition fees for foreign students are, on average, more than USD 10 000 higher than national students’ fees in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, New_Zealand and Sweden, and around USD 8 000 higher than national students’ fees in the United States.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 235

 

Countries with the highest rates of course-by-course tracking are Anglophone countries ...

„Internationally, countries with the highest rates of course-by-course tracking are Anglophone countries (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States) …“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Equations and Inequalities“ (2016), S. 96

 

Ability grouping is relatively widespread across OECD countries ...

„Ability grouping is relatively widespread across OECD countries, with more than 70 % of students attending schools whose principal reported that students are grouped by ability for mathematics classes. Over 95 % of students in Australia, Ireland, Israel, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Russian Federation, Singapore and the United Kingdom attend such schools.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Equations and Inequalities“ (2016), S. 99

 

Instruction in at least one subject in an ability-grouped class ...

„In Australia, Canada, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Israel, Malta, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, the United Kingdom, the United States and Viet Nam, at least three in four students receive instruction in at least one subject in an ability-grouped class.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 176

 

12 OECD-Staaten haben die maximale Ausschlussquote bei PISA 2015 missachtet ...

„The sampling standards used in PISA permitted countries to exclude up to a total of 5 % of the relevant population either by excluding schools or by excluding students within schools. All but 12 countries – the United Kingdom (8.22 %), Luxembourg (8.16 %), Canada (7.49 %), Norway (6.75 %), New Zealand (6.54 %), Sweden (5.71 %), Estonia (5.52 %), Australia (5.31 %), Montenegro (5.17 %), Lithuania (5.12 %), Latvia (5.07 %), and Denmark (5.04 %) – achieved this standard.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 247f

 

40 % of all migrants well educated Chinese migrants in Australia and Canada ...

„The European Union attracted proportionally fewer well educated Chinese migrants than other OECD destinations – 16.9 % of all Chinese migrants, compared with 42.5 % in the United States and 40 % in Australia and Canada.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Recruiting Immigrant Workers – Europe“ (2016), S. 87

 

Jung, weiblich, Teilzeit ...

„In Italy, Spain and Ireland, around every tenth employee is an involuntary part-time worker. For youth, these rates are twice as high. Especially young women are likely to work shorter hours than they want to: around a quarter of young women aged 15-29 in Spain and Italy, but also in Australia.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Society at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 90

 

In den klassischen Einwanderungsländern Australien, Kanada und den USA stammt nahezu jeder zweite internationale Studierende aus China oder Indien ...

„In den klassischen Einwanderungsländern Australien, Kanada und den USA stammt nahezu jeder zweite internationale Studierende aus China oder Indien.“

Sachverständigenrat (Hrsg.), „Zugangstor Hochschule - Internationale Studierende als Fachkräfte von morgen gewinnen“ (2015), S. 9

 

Australisches Hochschulwesen ...

„Im australischen Hochschulwesen kamen im Jahr 2013 47,1 Prozent der internationalen Studierenden aus China und Indien, in Kanada waren es 46,4 Prozent und in den USA 40,5 Prozent.“

Sachverständigenrat (Hrsg.), „Zugangstor Hochschule - Internationale Studierende als Fachkräfte von morgen gewinnen“ (2015), S. 9

 

Setting or regrouping is used frequently in some countries such as the United Kingdom and Australia ...

„Setting or regrouping is used frequently in some countries such as the United Kingdom and Australia. This is mostly true in the upper primary school grades. For instance, almost 40 percent of grade 5 and 6 teachers in the United Kingdom use setting for mathematics instruction.“

Dr. Marjolein Deunk u. a., „Differentiation within and across classrooms“ (2015), S. 26

 

Strict immigration laws explain a higher educational performance of immigrant students in traditional immigrant-receiving countries ...

„Strict immigration laws explain a higher educational performance of immigrant students in traditional immigrant-receiving countries, such as Australia and New Zeeland, because of the selection at entry of immigrants with a better socioeconomic status.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Gianna Claudia Giannelli, „Immigrant Student Performance in Math“ (2015), S. 9

 

Countries such as Australia, Finland and the United Kingdom use 'minority ethnic pupil support staff' ...

„Countries such as Australia, Finland and the United Kingdom use bilingual assistants (also referred to as 'minority ethnic pupil support staff' or 'ethnic assistants') to support the specific language needs of bilingual students and students whose first language is not the language of instruction, as a way of including migrant students and those from ethnic minorities.“

Francesc Masdeu Navarro, „Learning support staff: A literature review“ (2015), S. 17

 

Expenditure on primary to tertiary levels of education ...

„Comparing expenditure on primary to tertiary levels of education combined, the share of private funds exceeds 20 % in Canada, Israel, Portugal and the United Kingdom, 25 % in Australia, Japan and New Zealand, 30 % in Colombia, Korea and the United States, and reaches nearly 40 % in Chile.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2015: OECD Indicators“ (2015), S. 240

In Österreich sind es erst 4 %. (ibidem, S. 248)

 

Tuition fees for public institutions exceed USD 4 000 in Australia, Canada, Korea and New Zealand ...

„Tuition fees for public institutions are higher than USD 2 000 in more than half of the countries with available data, and they exceed USD 4 000 in Australia, Canada, Korea and New Zealand, USD 5 000 in Japan, and USD 8 000 in the United Kingdom (for government-dependent private institutions in England only) and the United States.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2015: OECD Indicators“ (2015), S. 264

 

Australia and New Zealand further reduced their traditionally small share of immigrant students from low-educated families ...

„Among the countries using points tests to screen entry into their territories in favour of better-qualified migrants, Australia and New Zealand further reduced their traditionally small share of immigrant students from low-educated families.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Immigrant Students at School“ (2015), S. 33

 

In Austria, there is one teaching support professional for every 24 teachers, compared to an average of 1/14 and even 1/7 in countries like Australia ...

„In Austria, there is one teaching support professional for every 24 teachers, compared to an average of 1/14 and even 1/7 in countries like Australia, Hungary, Poland and the Nordic countries. In Austria the typical school thus has only one support professional, compared with six in Denmark or Norway, for example.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Mental Health and Work: Austria“ (2015), S. 124

 

None of the countries that joined the Global Educational Reform Movement has been able to improve students’ learning ...

„None of the countries that joined (or were infected by) the GERM (Anm.: Global Educational Reform Movement) – the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Netherland, or Sweden – has been able to improve students’ learning as shown in the results of that international survey.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, „Finnish Lessons 2.0“ (2015), S. 151

 

The countries with the highest rates of course-by-course tracking ...

„The countries with the highest rates of course-by-course tracking are Anglo countries (the United States, Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand).“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Anna Chmielewski, „An International Comparison of Achievement Inequality in Within- and Between-School Tracking Systems“ in „American Journal of Education“, Vol. 120, No. 3 (2014), S. 297

 

Österreich verzeichnet OECD-weit den vierthöchsten Anteil junger Menschen, die für ihr Studium ins Land kommen ...

„Austria has the fourth highest share of non-resident international students relative to its population, just after three English-speaking countries with a strong export education sector, namely Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Austria 2014“ (2014), S. 144f

 

Immigrant selection central to the outcomes ...

„Immigrant selection is clearly central to the outcomes of both first and second generation immigrants. […] Governments are sometimes thought to take 'high' (e.g. Australia and Canada) or 'low' (e.g. Germany) skills routes in immigrant selection, or to emphasize family reunification (e.g. United States) over skill selection. […] Canada’s increasingly high skills route is predicted to increase second-generation educational outcomes appreciably (by about 1.5 years).“

Prof. Dr. Arthur Sweetman u. a., „Immigration: What About the Children and Grandchildren?“ (2014), S. 13

 

The traditional immigrant receiving countries and the United Kingdom tend to have immigrant children with higher performance ...

„The traditional immigrant receiving countries and the United Kingdom tend to have smaller or even negative gaps […] It seems plausible that those countries with an established tradition of immigration and/or a strong English speaking presence have immigrant children with higher performance, although establishing a high, in contrast to a low, skills national immigration policy – exemplified by Australia, Canada and New Zealand’s point systems – also likely plays a role.“

Prof. Dr. Arthur Sweetman u. a., „Immigration: What About the Children and Grandchildren?“ (2014), S. 16

 

Australien: Einnahmen durch die Studiengebühren von internationalen Studierenden im Studienjahr 2007/08 in Höhe von 6,5 Mrd. australischen Dollar (AUD) ...

„Die Studie von Access Economics (2009) errechnete für Australien Einnahmen durch die Studiengebühren von internationalen Studierenden im Studienjahr 2007/08 in Höhe von 6,5 Mrd. australischen Dollar (AUD).“

Prognos (Hrsg.), „Studentische Mobilität und ihre finanziellen Effekte auf das Gastland“ (2013), S. 9

 

Australien: Around 40 % of secondary school students attend private schools ...

Australien: „Around 40 % of secondary school students attend private schools which enrol, on average, a higher proportion of students from the upper end of the socio-economic distribution.“

Dr. Jenny Chesters u.a., „Understanding the persistence of inequality in higher education: evidence from Australia“. In: „Journal of Education Policy“, 28:2 (2013), S. 210

 

Bildungsaufstieg in Australien ...

Australien: „In 2005, men with a university-educated father were almost three times more likely to have graduated from university than other men and that women with a university-educated father were almost four times more likely to have graduated from university than other women.“

Dr. Jenny Chesters u.a., „Understanding the persistence of inequality in higher education: evidence from Australia“. In: „Journal of Education Policy“, 28:2 (2013), S. 211

 

Forty per cent of new teachers in Australia leave the profession in the first five years ...

„Forty per cent of new teachers in Australia leave the profession in the first five years.“

Dr. Lisa Paris, School of Education an der Edith Cowan University, „Reciprocal Mentoring: Can it Help Prevent Attrition for Beginning Teachers?“ in „Australian Journal of Teacher Education“ Vol. 38, 2013, S. 136

 

Australien: Kinder und Jugendliche nehmen vor Schulantritt an Englischkursen teil ...

Australien: „Kinder und Jugendliche nehmen vor Schulantritt an Englischkursen teil. In Städten wie Sydney gibt es dazu eigene Sprachschulen für zugewanderte Jugendliche.“

ÖIF (Hrsg.), „Zusammen: Österreich“ (Herbst 2012), S. 10

 

In Australia and Canada, the children of immigrants perform better than the children of native-born parents ...

„In Australia and Canada, the children of immigrants perform better than the children of native-born parents in reading tests, while there are no significant differences in the other Anglo-Saxon countries.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christian Dustmann u. a., „Educational achievement of second-generation immigrants: an international comparison“ in „Economic Policy“ vom Jänner 2012, S. 164

 

Australien: Between-class achievement grouping is common in high schools ...

Australien: „Between-class achievement grouping is common in high schools, and is also practised in a number of primary schools in various countries.“

Suzanne Macqueen, „Academic outcomes from between-class achievement grouping: the Australian primary context“ in „Australian Educational Researcher“ 39, 2012, S. 59

 

In Australien und der Schweiz sind die Eltern von drei von vier im Inland geborenen Zuwandererkindern in einem OECD-Hocheinkommensland geboren ...

„In Australien und der Schweiz sind die Eltern von drei von vier im Inland geborenen Zuwandererkindern in einem OECD-Hocheinkommensland geboren. Am geringsten ist der Anteil dieser Gruppe mit weniger als 10% in Österreich, Dänemark und den Niederlanden.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Integration von Zuwanderern – OECD-Indikatoren 2012“ (2012)

 

Canada, like Australia and New Zealand, has a highly managed immigration system that focuses on highly educated/skilled immigrants ...

„Canada, like Australia and New Zealand, has a highly managed immigration system that focuses on highly educated/skilled immigrants, particularly since the 1980s. Immigrants have, on average, educational attainment levels above that of the Canadian-born.“

Garnett Picot, „Immigrant Status and Secondary School Performance as Determinants of Post-Secondary Participation“ (2012), S. 8

 

In Australia, Canada and the UK, the share of the foreign-born population with high education exceeds the share of the native-born population with high education ...

„In Australia, Canada and the UK, the share of the foreign-born population with high education exceeds the share of the native-born population with high education by 5.5 percentage points, 7.3 percentage points and 16.1 percentage points, respectively.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christian Dustmann u.a., „Migration and Education“ (2011), S. 9

 

Immigration policies differ considerably between countries ...

„Immigration policies differ considerably between countries. Traditional immigration countries, such as Canada or Australia, base immigration decisions on indicators of qualifications immigrants will bring to the labour market.“

Aileen Edele u.a., „PISA’s Potential for Analyses of Immigrant Students’ Educational Success“. In: Pereyra u.a. (Hrsg.), „PISA Under Examination“ (2011), S. 191

 

Parents of foreign-born students in Australia, Canada and New Zealand have similar (or even higher) levels of educational attainment ...

Data from PISA show that parents of foreign-born students in Australia, Canada and New Zealand have similar (or even higher) levels of educational attainment compared to parents of native students.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Jaap Dronkers, „Quality and Inequality of Education: Cross-National Perspectives“ (2010), S. 115