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Trotz eines lückenlosen Gesamtschulsystems so wenig Arbeiterkinder an den Unis wie nirgends sonst in der EU ...

„In Finnland gibt es so wenig Arbeiterkinder an den Unis wie nirgends sonst in der Europäischen Union, trotz eines lückenlosen Gesamtschulsystems.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Rainer Dollase, „Profil“ (Zeitung des dphv) vom März 2017, S. 32

 

Der Unterschied bei den Erfolgsquoten zwischen Schülern ohne Migrationshintergrund und Schülern mit Migrationshintergrund der ersten Generation ...

„Der Unterschied bei den Erfolgsquoten zwischen Schülern ohne Migrationshintergrund und Schülern mit Migrationshintergrund der ersten Generation beträgt in Finnland, den Niederlanden, Norwegen und Schweden mehr als 10 Prozentpunkte – obwohl weniger als 5 Prozent der Anfängerkohorte in Finnland einen Migrationshintergrund der ersten Generation aufweisen.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Bildung auf einen Blick 2017“ (2017), S. 192

 

In Dänemark, Finnland, Island und Schweden gibt die jüngere Altersgruppe tendenziell häufiger an, unter Depressionen zu leiden ...

„In Dänemark, Finnland, Island und Schweden gibt die jüngere Altersgruppe tendenziell häufiger an, unter Depressionen zu leiden, als die ältere, und zwar unabhängig vom Bildungsstand. […] Laut dem OECD-Bericht ‚Fit Mind, Fit Job‘ setzen die meisten psychischen Erkrankungen früh ein, oft vor Erreichen des 14. Lebensjahrs.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Bildung auf einen Blick 2017“ (2017), S. 169

 

Particular emphasis on effective recruitment strategies ...

„Finland has placed particular emphasis on effective recruitment strategies and strong teacher preparation.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 5

 

Teachers are treated as pedagogical experts ...

Finnland: „Teachers are treated as pedagogical experts who have extensive decision-making authority in the areas of curriculum and assessment in addition to other areas of school policy and management.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 117

 

No universal standardized testing used to evaluate students or school ...

„A salient feature of educational practice in Finland is that there is no universal standardized testing used to evaluate students or school.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 34

 

Teaching is a highly regarded profession in Finland and one of the top occupational choices of young people ...

„Teaching is a highly regarded profession in Finland and one of the top occupational choices of young people. Entering salaries are comparable to those of other professions. However, the greater draw appears to be the high esteem with which the profession is held, the desirable working conditions, and the trust that allows teachers to be creative and innovative in their work.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 35

 

The top-choice profession ...

„In Finland, teaching is the top-choice profession for college students. Teaching is highly ranked in Singapore as well, and there is a very low attrition rate, less than 3 % annually.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 53

 

Teaching is consistently the most admired profession ...

„Among young Finns, surveys of high school graduates show that teaching is consistently the most admired profession. […] Annually about 20,000 students apply for about 4,000 slots in teacher education institutions.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 55

 

No external standardized student testing ...

„Finland is well-known in the education world for the primacy of classroom-based assessment, using no external standardized student testing until the open-ended matriculation exam that is voluntary for students in 12th grade.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 117

 

Students who wish to enter teacher-training programmes ...

In Finland, Hong-Kong (China), Macao (China) and Chinese Taipei, students who wish to enter teacher-training programmes must pass a competitive entry examination.

OECD (Hrsg.), What do we know about teachers selection and professional development in high-performing countries? (2017), S. 2

 

Finnland scheitert an seinen MigrantInnen ...

„The proportion of 15-34 year olds with a migration background who are neither in employment nor in education and training (NEET) is among the highest in the OECD.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Finding the way: A discussion of the Finnish migrant integration system“ (2017), S. 7

 

In Finland […] even those migrants who arrive before the age of 15, struggle to integrate ...

„In Finland […] even those migrants who arrive before the age of 15, struggle to integrate, and survey data suggests that 35 % of this group leave school early – the highest in the OECD.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Finding the way: A discussion of the Finnish migrant integration system“ (2017), S. 18

 

Finnland scheitert an seinen wenigen MigrantInnen ...

„The literacy disparity between the native-born children of the foreign-born and those with native-born parents is the largest among surveyed countries.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Finding the way: A discussion of the Finnish migrant integration system“ (2017), S. 18

 

Finland stands out among OECD countries in the lack of high-stakes tests ...

„Finland stands out among OECD countries in the lack of high-stakes tests, and indeed the first national assessment is the matriculation examination at the end of general upper-secondary education.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Finding the way: A discussion of the Finnish migrant integration system“ (2017), S. 18

 

Migrantenkinder in Schweden und Finnland ...

„Schweden ist nicht nur immer mehr im Niveau gesunken, die Migrantenkinder in Schweden zeigen für 2012 wie die in Finnland niedrigere Leistungen und eine größere Leistungsdifferenz zu den Einheimischen als in Deutschland.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Hartmut Esser, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung online am 24. Oktober 2016

 

Kanada sucht sich seine Migranten gezielt nach Qualifikation und Sprachkenntnissen aus ...

„Kanada sucht sich seine Migranten gezielt nach Qualifikation und Sprachkenntnissen aus. Kaum jemand hat je zur Kenntnis genommen, dass Finnland in den Leistungen zu den Ländern gehört, die den größten Abstand zwischen Einheimischen und den Migrantenkindern überhaupt aufweisen.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Hartmut Esser, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung online am 24. Oktober 2016

 

In der skandinavischen Gesamtschule bleiben SchülerInnen mit Migrationshintergrund besonders weit zurück ...

„Schweden ist nicht nur immer mehr im Niveau gesunken, die Migrantenkinder in Schweden zeigen für 2012 wie die in Finnland niedrigere Leistungen und eine größere Leistungsdifferenz zu den Einheimischen als in Deutschland.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Hartmut Esser, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung online am 24. Oktober 2016

 

Der große Unterschied zwischen Finnland und anderen Ländern ...

„Der große Unterschied zwischen Finnland und anderen Ländern ist gerade, dass hier Lehrer, Schulen und Kommunen weitgehend selbst entscheiden, was gelehrt wird und wie.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, finland.fi am 17. Juli 2016

 

Finnland: Lehrerausbildung sehr beliebt ...

Finnland: „Die Lehrerausbildung ist sehr beliebt, und es ist schwer, die Leistungsvoraussetzungen dafür zu erfüllen. So schafften 2014 nur rund 9 % der Kandidaten die Immatrikulationsprüfung an der Helsinkier Universität für die Ausbildung zum Klassenlehrer.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, finland.fi am 17. Juli 2016

 

In Finnland werden insgesamt 1,1 Prozent aller Schüler in klassischen Sonderschulen unterrichtet ...

„In Finnland werden insgesamt 1,1 Prozent aller Schüler in klassischen Sonderschulen unterrichtet, darüber hinaus 2,7 Prozent in getrennten Spezialklassen in allgemeinen Schulen.“ (S. 18)

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Bernd Ahrbeck, „Inklusion“ (2016), S. 18

 

Generell weisen die skandinavischen Länder im Allgemeinen auffallend hohe Quoten speziellen Förderbedarfs auf ...

„Generell weisen die skandinavischen Länder im Allgemeinen auffallend hohe Quoten speziellen Förderbedarfs auf. In Finnland liegt er nach neuesten Angaben bei 8,3 % aller Schüler; zusätzlich erhalten 23 % der Kinder mit weniger gravierenden Lernproblemen eine zeitweilige spezielle Unterstützung – mit entsprechenden Folgen für die Personalausstattung.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Bernd Ahrbeck, „Inklusion“ (2016), S. 20

 

Zeitweise oder vollständige Trennung von anderen Schülern ...

„Finnland hat seit 1998 einen kontinuierlichen Ausbau spezieller pädagogischer Settings vorgenommen, in zeitweiser oder vollständiger Trennung von anderen Schülern.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Bernd Ahrbeck, „Inklusion“ (2016), S. 124

 

Kein vergleichbares System der beruflichen Bildung wie in Deutschland ...

„In Finnland gibt es kein vergleichbares System der beruflichen Bildung wie in Deutschland. Die extrem hohe Studienanfängerquote ist auch Ausdruck eines Defizits, es gibt keine nicht-akademische Berufsausbildung.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Julian Nida-Rümelin, in Hanns Seidel Stifung (Hrsg.), „Akademikerschwemme versus Fachkräftemangel“ (2016), S. 81

 

Das sozioökonomische Niveau der Elternhäuser ...

„In den skandinavischen Staaten Finnland, Schweden oder Norwegen sowie der Schweiz oder Kanada liegt der sozioökonomische Status signifikant über dem OECD-Mittelwert.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Kristina Reiss u. a., „PISA 2015. Eine Studie zwischen Kontinuität und Innovation“ (2016), S. 291f

 

Absentismus ...

„Auffallend hohe Quoten von Schulleitungen, die das Lernen und Schulklima an ihrer Schule durch Absentismus gefährdet sehen, finden sich in Finnland (44 Prozent), Österreich (49 Prozent), Slowenien (53 Prozent) und Kanada (56 Prozent).“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Kristina Reiss u. a., „PISA 2015. Eine Studie zwischen Kontinuität und Innovation“ (2016), S. 210

 

Interne Segregation der Schülerschaft ...

„Kritisiert wird […], dass die Integration v. a. geistig beeinträchtigter Kinder in die Gemeinschaftsschule eine interne Segregation der Schülerschaft nach sich zieht. Beispielsweise hat sich in Finnland die Zahl der Schüler/innen, die dauerhaft sonderpädagogische Förderung in einer von der Hauptgruppe zeitweise oder dauerhaft separierten Lerngruppe erhalten, vergrößert.“

BIFIE (Hrsg.), „Nationaler Bildungsbericht Österreich 2015, Band 2“ (2016), S. 41

 

Finnland: In 2014 general government expenditure on education among the highest in the EU ...

Finnland: „In 2014 general government expenditure on education as a proportion of GDP (6.4 %) was among the highest in the EU, and was also above the EU average as a proportion of total general government expenditure (11 %).“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2016 – Country analysis“ (2016), S. 90

 

Teacher education in Finland remains very competitive ...

„Teacher education in Finland remains very competitive and is one of the most attractive educational programmes at tertiary level. For example, at the University of Helsinki only 7 % of applicants were accepted onto the primary school teacher programme in 2016.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2016 – Country analysis“ (2016), S. 93

 

Finnland: PISA 2012 showed a skills gap of about two years for first-generation immigrants ...

Finnland: „PISA 2012 showed a skills gap of about two years for first-generation immigrants, depending on the subject. This is one of the largest performance gaps between native-born and firstgeneration migrants of participating EU countries.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2016 – Country analysis“ (2016), S. 91

 

The City of Helsinki has established preparatory classes with a specific curriculum for immigrants and refugees ...

„The City of Helsinki has established preparatory classes with a specific curriculum for immigrants and refugees. They provide instruction in the Finnish/Swedish language and all other core school subjects for one year. Those under 10 receive 900 hours of instruction and those over 10 receive 1 000 hours of instruction.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2016 – Country analysis“ (2016), S. 92

 

Participation in early childhood education and care in Finland ...

Finnland: „Participation in early childhood education and care in Finland has traditionally been lower than in other EU countries.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2016 – Country analysis“ (2016), S. 90

 

Doppelt so viel Unterrichtszeit ...

„In Canada, Chile, Denmark and Hong Kong (China), 15-year-olds spend five hours per week in language-of-instruction classes, while students in Austria, Finland and Russia spend less than 2 hours and 30 minutes per week in these classes.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 43

 

Personelle versus pädagogische Autonomie ...

„In Finland, school principals exercised greater autonomy over selecting and firing teachers in 2015 than in 2009, but had less responsibility for the curriculum and for assessment and disciplinary policies.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 113

 

Multi-professional care groups in Finland ...

„In Finland, for example, a special teacher who is specifically trained to work with struggling students is assigned to each school and works closely with teachers to identify students who need extra help. Multi-professional care groups, consisting of the school principal, special education teacher, the school nurse, the school psychologist, a social worker, teachers and parents, meet periodically to discuss individual students’ learning progress.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Reviews of School Resources – Austria“ (2016), S. 143

 

Group of staff assess the success of individual classrooms in Finland ...

Finnland: „Each school has a group of staff that meets twice a month to assess the success of individual classrooms and potential concerns within classrooms. This group, comprising the principal, the school nurse, the special education teacher, the school psychologist, a social worker, and the classroom teachers, determines whether problems exist, as well as how to rectify them.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 64

 

Entry to the five-year teacher education programme in Finland ...

Finnland: „Entry to the five-year teacher education programme is highly competitive, and education is rigorous, researchbased and combined with supervised teaching for at least one year in schools associated with the university.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Economic Surveys – Finland“ (2016), S. 84

 

Numeracy skills of teachers ...

„In Japan and Finland, for example, the average teacher has better numeracy skills than the average college graduate while in the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, the Slovak Republic and Sweden, the reverse is true.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Teaching Excellence through Professional Learning and Policy Reform“ (2016), S. 12

 

Only 5 % of the population is foreign-born ...

Finnland: „Only 5 % of the population is foreign-born and gross inflows are 0.3 % a year, of which half is work immigration, almost exclusively from other EU countries.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Economic Surveys – Finland“ (2016), S. 94

 

Non-EU work immigrants ...

Finnland: „Non-EU work immigrants can only immigrate if their job offer is in an occupation where there is a lack of local supply, by improving systems for recognition of foreign qualifications and by bridging courses, and streamlining systems to integrate workers’ families.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Economic Surveys – Finland“ (2016), S. 38

 

Labour force participation among Finnish mothers with children below three years of age ...

Labour force participation among Finnish mothers with children below three years of age is the lowest in the Nordics, some 20 percentage points below that of Sweden and Denmark despite the legal entitlement to public day-care at rates capped below 10 % of

average monthly wages.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Economic Surveys – Finland“ (2016), S. 90

 

In 2010, 23.3 percent of comprehensive school students in Finland received extra instruction ...

„In 2010, 23.3 percent of comprehensive school students in Finland received extra instruction from a school-based Special Needs Education Teacher in the subjects in which the student needed help. Of this group, 12 percent received aid for a speech disorder, 40.5 percent received help in reading or writing, 23.7 percent for learning difficulties in mathematics, 9 percent for learning difficulties in foreign languages, 5.5 percent for adjustment difficulties or emotional disorders, and 8.9 percent for other learning difficulties.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 64

 

Forty to 45 % of students receive extra help ...

Finnland: „Forty to 45 % of students receive extra help during compulsory school, which reduces the stigma that may be attached to receiving such assistance.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Economic Surveys – Finland“ (2016), S. 84

 

Enrolment in early childhood education and care for five year-olds in Finland ...

Finnland: „Enrolment in early childhood education and care for five year-olds in Finland is the lowest in the OECD, at 68 %.“OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Economic Surveys – Finland“ (2016), S. 86

Im OECD-Mittel sind es 94 %, in Österreich 96 %.

 

The Netherlands is in the 7th position among OECD countries ...

„The Netherlands is in the 7th position among OECD countries behind Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the United States, Luxembourg, Ireland and Canada in terms of attracting talent. Likewise, the country appears to be in a good position to retain talent. It ranks 6th among OECD countries, behind Switzerland, the United States, Norway, Finland and the United Kingdom.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Recruiting Immigrant Workers – The Netherlands 2016“ (2016), S. 196

 

Countries with the lowest rates of current alcohol use ...

„The Nordic countries Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden are traditionally among the countries with the lowest rates of current alcohol use. […] Among the countries with the highest rates are Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Hungary, Liechtenstein and Monaco.“

The ESPAD Group (Hrsg.), „ESPAD Report 2015“ (2016), S. 85

 

Suicide rates among under 30s ...

„Suicide rates among under 30s are highest in Finland, Japan, Korea and New Zealand, with 15 or more suicides per 100 000 youth.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Society at a Glance 2016” (2016), S. 118

 

High-quality teaching forces ...

„Several top-performing countries, such as Finland and Korea, build high-quality teaching forces by recruiting the best high school graduates into education institutions.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“ Nr. 58, Dezember 2015, S. 2

 

15- bis 34-Jährige des Jahres 2013 ...

„In Belgien, Spanien und Finnland zählte […] mehr als ein Drittel der im Inland Geborenen mit zwei im Ausland geborenen Elternteilen zur Gruppe der NEET.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Integration von Zuwanderern: Indikatoren 2015“ (2015), S. 260

 

Only basic level of education ...

Finnland: „In 2014, there were 115,816 persons aged 20 to 29 with only basic level of education, which is 17.0 per cent of the age group.“

Statistics Finland online am 5. November 2015

In Österreich haben hingegen nur 10,4 % der 20- bis 29-Jährigen die Schule ohne Abschluss einer Sekundarstufe II verlassen.

 

Finland has managed to keep up the appreciation and attractiveness of the teaching profession ...

„Unlike other Nordic countries, Finland has managed to keep up the appreciation and attractiveness of the teaching profession, which is reflected in the high level of applicants for teacher education.“

Finnish Institute for Educational Reasearch (Hrsg.), „Mobility and transition of pedagogical expertise in Finland“ (2015), S. 20

 

In the early years of primary school ...

Finnland: „In the early years of primary school, intensive special support – mostly in reading, writing, and arithmetic – is offered to all children who have major or minor special needs.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, „Finnish Lessons 2.0“ (2015), S. 67

 

Finnish education is characterised by a high level of trust in all the parties concerned ...

„Finnish education is characterised by a high level of trust in all the parties concerned, in particular teachers. This enables highly trained individuals to perform well and to remain highly motivated.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2015 - Country analysis“ (2015), S. 90

 

Examination hell ...

„OECD data indicate that there are a number of high-achieving nations where many students are not happy with school. These high achievement/low engagement systems include Korea, where students describe their secondary school experience as ‚Examination Hell‘, and Finland.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Improving Schools in Scotland“ (2015), S. 121

 

In Finnland werden Lernschwächen viel früher diagnostiziert ...

„In Finnland werden Lernschwächen viel früher diagnostiziert und auch behandelt. Dazu gibt es Unterstützungspersonal wie Logopäden, Sozialarbeiter oder Psychologen.“

Univ.-Prof. DDr. Christiane Spiel, Kurier online am 9. Juli 2015

 

Es gibt verschiedene Formen von ‚Gesamtschulen‘...

„Es gibt verschiedene Formen von ‚Gesamtschulen‘ und nicht alle diese Systeme führen zu hohen Leistungen und hoher sozialer Gerechtigkeit, Finnland ist eher eine Ausnahme als die Regel; neben der Zusammenfassung aller SchülerInnen in einer Schule.“

Dr. Lorenz Lassnigg, „Politics – Policy – Practice. Eckpunkte einer sinnvollen Weiterentwicklung des Schulwesens“ (2015), S. 115 

 

At least one special teacher in each school in Finland ...

Finnland: „Each school has at least one special teacher, trained to help struggling students. The special teacher is tasked with early identification and intervention, helped by a multi-professional care group consisting of the principal, the special teacher, the school nurse, the school psychologist, a social worker and the class teacher.“

Jon Kristian Pareliussen u. a., „Skills and Inclusive Growth in Sweden“ (2015), S. 20

 

The highest public spending on education relative to GDP ...

„The highest public spending on education relative to GDP was observed in Denmark (8.8 % of GDP), while Malta (8.0 %), Cyprus (7.9 %), Sweden, Finland (both 6.8 %) and Belgium (6.6 %) also recorded relatively high proportions.“

Eurostat (Hrsg.), „Key figures on Europe 2015 edition“ (2015), S. 67

 

Higher shares of students tend to report not being engaged ...

„In the best performing countries (e.g. Finland), higher shares of students tend to report not being engaged with their Reading, Mathematics and Science instruction.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Teaching Practices in Primary and Secondary Schools in Europe“ (2015), S. 42

 

Enrolment in early childhood education comparatively low ...

Finnland: „Perhaps because parents have the right to stay at home until their youngest child reaches the age of 3, enrolment in early childhood education remains comparatively low.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance. Country Note Finland (2015), S. 2

 

Stark differences between immigrants’ and natives’ educational success ......

„In Scandinavia, relatively stark differences can be found between immigrants’ and natives’ educational success; especially for first-generation immigrants, differences increased significantly between 2000 and 2012.“

Mag. Dr. Bernhard Riederer u. a., „Changes in the Educational Achievement of Immigrant Youth in Western Societies“ in „European Sociological Review“, 2015, Vol. 31, No. 5, S. 634

 

Using bilingual assistants to support the specific language needs ...

„Countries such as Australia, Finland and the United Kingdom use bilingual assistants (also referred to as 'minority ethnic pupil support staff' or 'ethnic assistants') to support the specific language needs of bilingual students and students whose first language is not the language of instruction, as a way of including migrant students and those from ethnic minorities.“

Francesc Masdeu Navarro, „Learning support staff: A literature review“ (2015), S. 17

 

Enrolment rates for early childhood education ...

„Enrolment rates for early childhood education remain low, especially compared with Finland’s Nordic neighbours.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance. Country Note Finland (2015), S. 2

 

No regular and systematic external evaluation ...

„There is no regular and systematic external evaluation of schools in Finland.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Assuring Quality in Education“ (2015), S. 157

 

The aim of national assessment in Finland ...

Finnland: „The aim of national assessment is to develop and steer, not to control, nor produce school rankings.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Assuring Quality in Education“ (2015), S. 158

 

One fifth of all students in part-time special education ...

Finnland: „In the school year 2012-2013 […] more than one fifth of all students were in part-time special education that focuses on curing minor dysfunctions in speaking, reading, writing, or learning difficulties in mathematics or foreign languages. Respectively, 8.5 % of students were permanently transferred to a special-education group, class, or institution.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, „Finnish Schools and the Global Education Reform Movement“ in Evers u. a., „Flip the System“ (2015), S. 168

 

Usage of desktop and laptop computers at grade 8 and 11 among the lowest in the EU ...

Finnland: „Only 18.2 % of Finnish students use ICT for projects or class work, far below the average of the participating EU (34 %) and OECD countries (37.5 %). The weekly usage of desktop and laptop computers at grade 8 and 11 is among the lowest in the EU.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2015 - Country analysis“ (2015), S. 91

 

With its 62 point gap, Finland has the largest gender gap ...

„With its 62 point gap, Finland has the largest gender gap of any PISA participant, with girls scoring 556 and boys scoring 494 points (the OECD average is 496, with a standard deviation of 94). If Finland were only a nation of young men, its PISA ranking would be mediocre.“

Dr. Tom Loveless, „How well are American Students Learning?“ (2015), S. 3

 

Finnish superiority in reading only among females ...

„Finnish superiority in reading only exists among females. […] Finland’s gender gap illustrates the superficiality of much of the commentary on that country’s PISA performance.“

Dr. Tom Loveless, „How well are American Students Learning?“ (2015), S. 13

 

The focus of national evaluations ...

Finnland: „The focus of national evaluations is on the education system, not on individual schools and there is no system for school inspection.“

Eurydice (Hrsg.), „Assuring Quality in Education“ (2015), S. 157

 

In Finnland gibt es kein vergleichbares System ...

„In Finnland gibt es kein vergleichbares System der beruflichen Bildung wie in Deutschland. Die extrem hohe Studienanfängerquote ist auch Ausdruck eines Defizits, es gibt keine nicht-akademische Berufsausbildung.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Julian Nida-Rümelin in Nida-Rümelin u. a., „Auf dem Weg in eine neue deutsche Bildungskatastrophe“ (2015), S. 39

 

Finland does not monitor the performance ...

„Finland does not monitor the performance of schools, and school inspections were in fact abolished in 1991.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Starting Strong IV“ (2015), S. 208

 

The Finnish system has not been infected ...

„The Finnish system has not been infected by market-based education reform models, such as tougher competition between schools over enrollment, standardization of teaching and learning in schools, and high-stakes testing policies.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, „Finnish Lessons 2.0“ (2015), S. 48f

 

Finnish teachers’ numeracy ...

„New research shows that Finnish teachers’ numeracy and literacy scores are higher than in any other country for which scores are available. These scores, in turn, are found to have a positive impact on pupil performance in PISA.“

Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, „Real Finnish Lessons – The true story of an education superpower“ (2015), S. 18f

 

Ability to read and write required for legal marriage ...

Finnland: „By tradition, the ability to read and write was required for legal marriage by the church for both women and men. Becoming literate, therefore, marked an individual’s entry into adulthood, with its associated duties and rights.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, „Finnish Lessons 2.0“ (2015), S. 99

 

Child poverty is at a very low level ...

Finnland: „Child poverty is at a very low level – about 5 % of the child population, compared with over 23 % in the United States and 13 % in Canada.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, „Finnish Lessons 2.0“ (2015), S. 68

In Finnland lebten im Jahr 2013 nur 4,6 % der Unter-18-Jährigen in Armut, in Österreich aber 10,4 %. (Quelle: Eurostat-Datenbank)

 

In 2013, Finland, Spain and Greece stand out ...

„In 2013, Finland, Spain and Greece stand out for having the highest NEET rates among young immigrants who arrived as children …“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015 - Settling In“ (2015), S. 256

 

Bildungsaufstieg in Deutschland ...

„The children of professionals in Germany outperform the children of professionals in Finland.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“ Nr. 36, Februar 2014, S. 1

 

Finnland: Teachers perceive their status as high ...

Finnland: „Teachers perceive their status as high: 59 % think the teaching profession is valued in society (the highest share in the EU).“

Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.), „The Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) 2013“ (2014), S. 31

 

The highest-performing educational systems recruit ...

„The highest-performing educational systems recruit their teachers from the top third of each cohort of graduates (top 5 % in Korea, 10 % in Finland and 30 % in Singapore and Japan).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 193

 

Teaching profession is valued in society ...

„TALIS 2013 results show 58.6% of Finnish teachers (primary and secondary) agreed that the teaching profession is valued in society – one of the highest proportions among participating countries and far above the TALIS average of 30.9%.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Teacher Remuneration in Latvia. An OECD Perspective“ (2014), S. 153

 

Ample support to parents with young children ...

„The Finnish family policy model provides ample support to parents with young children through paid parental-leave, home care leave and subsidised pre-school until children go to primary school at age seven.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Economic Surveys – Finland“ (2014), S. 75

 

The government and/or minister of education cannot mandate changes ...

Finnland: „Because stakeholders manage educational development, the government and/or minister of education cannot mandate changes to the educational system without approval from the local community, teachers, and parents.“

Kelly Lynch, „A Comparison of the American Common Core State Standards with the Finnish“ (2014), S. 28

 

Once they are hired, teachers are free ...

Finnland: „Once they are hired, teachers are free to manage their classrooms with little to no interference from the government or policy-makers.“

Kelly Lynch, „A Comparison of the American Common Core State Standards with the Finnish“ (2014), S. 45

 

Teachers in Finland earn about the same or more ...

„Teachers in Finland, with the exception of pre-primary and primary teachers, earn about the same or more as other tertiary-educated workers in the country, with the actual salaries of primary teachers at 89 %, of lower secondary teachers at 97 % and of upper secondary teachers at 109 % of other workers’ average earnings. These figures are above the OECD averages and make teaching a financially attractive profession to young graduates.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Teacher Remuneration in Latvia. An OECD Perspective“ (2014), S. 155

 

Among the recipients of special support ...

Finnland: „Among the recipients of special support, 19 per cent received all education in a general education group and 42 per cent received all education in a special education group. Among the recipients of special support, 39 per cent received part of the education in a general education group and part in a special education group.“

Statistics Finland (Hrsg.), „Special education 2013“ (2014), S. 3

 

Only 30 per cent of Finnish 1 year olds are in enrolled ...

„Only 30 per cent of Finnish 1 year olds are in enrolled in childcare services, compared to 49 per cent in Sweden and 71 per cent in Norway. […] 51 per cent of Finnish 2 year olds have a place in municipal childcare services, compared to 89 and 91 per cent in Norway and Sweden, respectively.“

Dr. Anne Lise Ellingsaeter, „Cash for Childcare: Experiences from Finland, Norway and Sweden“ (2014), S. 8

 

A typical middle-school teacher in Finland ...

„A typical middle-school teacher in Finland teaches just less than 600 hours annually, corresponding to about four 45-minute lessons a day.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 182

 

Finland has in fact lost 22 points ...

„Finland has in fact lost 22 points since 2000. This immense loss is only surpassed by Sweden which has lost a stunning 33 points on the PISA reading scale since 2000.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ludger Wößmann, „The Economic Case for Education“ (2014), S. 24

 

The children of professionals in Germany ...

„The children of professionals in Germany outperform the children of professionals in Finland.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“ Nr. 36, Februar 2014, S. 1

 

The highest-performing educational systems recruit their teachers ...

„The highest-performing educational systems recruit their teachers from the top third of each cohort of graduates (top 5 % in Korea, 10 % in Finland and 30 % in Singapore and Japan).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 193

 

Inspectorate systems do not exist ...

Finnland: „Inspectorate systems do not exist. […] Teachers have full pedagogical freedom and also a freedom to choose the learning material they want use. National tests are very rare. All this freedom means that schools and teachers have been handed a great responsibility, which they have taken with great devotion.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Jukka Kangaslahti, „A public education system can excel“ in „Euromentor Journal“ (März 2013), Vol. IV, No. 1, S. 10

 

Die Leistungen der 10-Jährigen beim Lesen (PIRLS 2011), in der Mathematik und den Naturwissenschaften (TIMSS 2011) ...

„Only Singapore had more than half of its students reach the high benchmark in all three subjects, and only two more countries, Chinese Taipei and Finland, had at least half of their fourth grade students reach the high benchmark in each subject separately.“

IEA (Hrsg.), „TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships among reading, mathematics, and science achievement at the fourth grade“ (2013), S. 5

Von Österreichs 10-Jährigen erreichten nur 18 % in allen drei Bereichen den „high benchmark“ (= 550 Punkte); beim Lesen waren es 39 %, in der Mathematik 26 % und in den Naturwissenschaften 42 %.

 

Finnlands 10-Jährige ...

„More than three-fifths of the fourth grade students reached the high benchmark in science (65 %) and reading (63 %), and half reached that level in mathematics.“

IEA (Hrsg.), „TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships among reading, mathematics, and science achievement at the fourth grade“ (2013), S. 20

Von Österreichs 10-Jährigen erreichten in den Naturwissenschaften 42 % den „high benchmark“ (= 550 Punkte); im Lesen waren es 39 %, in Mathematik sogar nur 26 %.

 

In Austria, France, Hungary and the Netherlands children are at least pressured ...

„In Austria, France, Hungary and the Netherlands children are at least pressured by school work and are also in the best performing group in liking school a lot. Contrast this with Finland which has one of the highest proportions of young people feeling pressured by school work and one of the lowest proportions of liking school a lot.“

UNICEF (Hrsg.), „Children’s Subjective Well-being in Rich Countries“ (2013), S. 13

 

PISA has thrown a country to the top ...

Finnland: „PISA has thrown a country to the top of the international ranking charts that least follows the OECD’s ‘standard global reform package’ – i.e. an accountability-driven and standardized-test based model of global education.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Heinz-Dieter Meyer u. a., „PISA and the Globalization of Education Governance: some puzzles and problems“ in Meyer u. a., „PISA, Power und Policy“ (2013), S. 14

 

Finnish students do not take standardized tests until ...

„Unlike the high-performing education systems in East Asia that have a well-known reputation for authoritarian and standardized-test-driven education that emphasized rote memorization, Finnish students do not take standardized tests until the end of high school.“

Dr. Yong Zhao u. a., „High on PISA, Low on Entrepreneurship? What PISA Does Not Measure“ in Meyer u. a., „PISA, Power und Policy“ (2013), S. 273f

 

There are two main pathways in special education ...

„There are two main pathways in special education in the Finnish comprehensive school. The first path sees the student included in a regular class and provided with part-time special education in small groups. […] The second pathway is to provide permanent special education in a special group or class in the student’s own school or, in some cases, in a separate institution.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, „A Model Lesson – Finland Shows Us What Equal Opportunity Looks Like“ in „American Educator“ (Frühjahr 2012), S. 24

 

The proportion of students in special education in Finland ...

„The proportion of students in special education in Finland in the early grades of primary school is relatively higher than in most other countries. The number of special needs students in Finland declines by the end of primary school and then slightly increases as students move to subject-based lower secondary school.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, „A Model Lesson – Finland Shows Us What Equal Opportunity Looks Like“ in „American Educator“ (Frühjahr 2012), S. 24

 

Unterstützung in Form von ‚part-time special education‘ ...

Finnland: „Ungefähr 20 Prozent aller Schüler erhalten im Lauf eines Schuljahrs die Unterstützung in Form von ‚part-time special education‘ mit Hilfe von stundenweiser Förderung durch sonderpädagogische Fachkräfte in der allgemeinen Schule und 8 Prozent aller Schüler erhalten ihren Unterricht in ‚full-time special education‘, also in Spezialklassen innerhalb der allgemeinen Schule.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Clemens Hillenbrand, „Gymnasium und Inklusion – Möglichkeiten und Grenzen“ (Fachtagung des Deutschen Philologenverbandes), 6. Februar 2012 in Kassel

 

The systematic attention given to children ...

„The systematic attention given to children who are identified as having ‚learning needs’ is a key feature of Finland’s success in international rankings, and it is premised on the idea that individual pupils who are struggling need to be identified early and given appropriate support to improve.“

Jonathan Clifton u.a., „Closing the Attainment Gap in England’s Secondary Schools“ (2012), S. 24

 

Mehr als zwanzig Prozent aller finnischen Schüler erhalten eine stundenweise Förderung ...

„Mehr als zwanzig Prozent aller finnischen Schüler erhalten eine stundenweise Förderung innerhalb der allgemeinen Schule (Part-time special education). [...] Acht Prozent besuchen Spezialklassen mit besonderer sonderpädagogischer Förderung in der allgemeinen Schule und für drei Prozent der Kinder mit geistiger oder schwerer Körperbehinderung werden Spezialschulen vorgehalten.“

„Profil“ (Zeitung des dphv) 3/2012, S. 7

 

40 Prozent der Schulen in Finnland ...

„40 Prozent der Schulen in Finnland haben weniger als 50 Schüler und 60 Prozent haben weniger als sieben Lehrer.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Bernd Ahrbeck, www.bildungsklick.de am 18. Mai 2012

 

Teachers’ trade unions in Finland ...

„Teachers’ trade unions in Finland are closely involved by government in developing the school system.“

ETUCE (Hrsg.), „School Leadership in Europe: issues, challenges and opportunities“ (2012), S. 38

 

Finland has the best staff-child ratio in ECEC ...

„Finland has the best staff-child ratio in ECEC (Anm.: ECEC = „Early Childhood Education and Care) services for zero-to-three-year-olds as well as in ECEC services for three-to-six-year-olds.“

OECD, „Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland“ (2012), S. 22

 

Every school has a special teacher and pupil support ...

Finnland: „Every school has a special teacher and pupil support group who support the classroom teacher and intervene early on if any child shows signs of falling behind.“

Asia Society (Hrsg.), „Improving Teacher Quality Around the World: The International Summit on the Teaching Profession“ (2011), S. 8

 

Teachers in Finland must be fully certified ...

„Teachers in Finland must be fully certified at the university level in the areas of their expertise. Teachers of math must be fully trained, university-level mathematicians. This might seem simple common sense. How can one teach what one does not understand?“

Univ.-Prof. Charles Sabel u.a., „Individualized Service Provision in the New Welfare State - Lessons from Special Education in Finland“ (2011), S. 58

 

Für Schüler mit leichten Lern- oder Anpassungsschwierigkeiten ...

Finnland: „Für Schüler mit leichten Lern- oder Anpassungsschwierigkeiten, die besondere Unterstützung benötigen, wird ein spezieller Sprachförderungsunterricht angeboten, der entweder in kleinen Gruppen oder als Einzelunterricht erteilt wird. Ziel ist es, die Schüler frühzeitig wirksam zu fördern, auch um zu vermeiden, dass die Schüler in anderen Fächern und/oder zu einem späteren Zeitpunkt ihrer Schulbildung Schwierigkeiten bekommen.“

Eurydice (Hrsg.), „Leseerziehung in Europa“ (2011), S. 163

 

Teaching is one of the top two preferred occupations for a future spouse in Finland ...

„The status of teachers in Finland is so high that teaching is one of the top two preferred occupations for a future spouse – right up with medicine, and higher than business or law.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andy Hargreaves u. a., „The global fourth way“ (2011), S. 47

 

Teachers in Finland have positive symbolic capital ...

„Teachers in Finland have positive symbolic capital. They are respected and admired in politics and the media, rather than criticized and abused by them.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andy Hargreaves u. a., „The global fourth way“ (2011), S. 54

 

Finnish teachers know their children well ...

„Finnish teachers know their children well. Schools are small, with rarely more than 400 students, so there are not too many children to know.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andy Hargreaves u. a., „The global fourth way“ (2011), S. 53

 

Finnish schools accept that there may be some limitations ...

„Finnish schools accept that there may be some limitations on comparability when teachers do all the grading. At the same time, Finns believe that the problems often associated with external standardized testing—narrowing of the curriculum, teaching to the test, unethical practices related to manipulating test results, and unhealthy competition among schools—can be more problematic.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, „Developing Effective Teachers and School Leaders: The Case of Finland“ in Darling-Hammond u.a., „Teacher and Leader Effectiveness“ (2011), S. 18

 

At two-and-half Finnish children are tested for ...

„At two-and-half Finnish children are tested for emergent cognitive problems, and by the time they reach pre-school, at age six, their teachers will be able to anticipate learning difficulties on the basis of a rich battery of further tests.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Charles Sabel u. a., „Individualized Service Provision in the New Welfare State: Lessons from Special Education in Finland“ (2010), S. 5

 

It is the bottom quintile of Finnish students ...

„It is the bottom quintile of Finnish students who outperform the most, and thereby raises the mean to the top of the international league tables.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Charles Sabel u. a., „Individualized Service Provision in the New Welfare State: Lessons from Special Education in Finland“ (2010), S. 3