A- A A+
 
A- A A+

Italian workers have low average levels of cognitive skills ...

Italien: „The OECD Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) provides evidence that Italian workers have low average levels of cognitive skills and are less likely to use certain cognitive skills that are important drivers of workers’ and firms’ performance. These deficiencies are found even among university graduates.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 19

 

Adult graduates in Italy have among the lowest average literacy and numeracy scores ...

Italien: „Adult graduates in Italy have among the lowest average literacy and numeracy scores compared with tertiary graduates in other countries (26th out of 29 OECD countries, in both dimensions).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 26

 

Employment rates of tertiary graduates are low vis-à-vis the OECD average ...

Italien: „Employment rates of tertiary graduates are low vis-à-vis the OECD average while at the same time many firms cannot find the highly skilled people they need to fill job vacancies.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 26

 

In Italy, students whose parents have not attained tertiary education are much less likely to enrol in university themselves ...

Italien: „In Italy, students whose parents have not attained tertiary education are much less likely to enrol in university themselves. The effect of family background on enrolment is greater in Italy than in most other OECD countries.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 74

 

Italian graduates have relatively low literacy and numeracy skills ...

„Italian graduates have relatively low literacy and numeracy skills as shown in the OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Only 12 % of Italian university graduates attain the highest levels of literacy proficiency (levels 4 or 5) as compared to 20 % of graduates across the 33 nations participating in the Survey.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 76

 

Around 9 % of Italy’s tertiary graduates have very low levels of literacy proficiency ...

„Around 9 % of Italy’s tertiary graduates have very low levels of literacy proficiency (less than level 2), as compared to an average of 7 % for the 33 PIAAC countries.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 76

 

The poor quality of compulsory education in Italy ...

The poor quality of compulsory education: For a relatively large share of students in Italy, the skills acquired in schooling may not be sufficient to succeed in tertiary education.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 81

 

Approximately 39 % of 25-65 year-olds in Italy have low levels of literacy and/or numeracy proficiency ...

Italien: „Approximately 39 % of 25-65 year-olds (13.1 million adults) in Italy have low levels of literacy and/or numeracy proficiency, a share larger than in all but two other OECD PIAAC countries.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 94

 

Youth struggle to make the transition from education to the world of work ...

Italien: „Youth struggle to make the transition from education to the world of work. […] Many of them take too long to finish their studies and conduct independent lives – for example outside their parents’ houses.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 131

 

Nearly one in four youth in Italy are neither in employment, education, or training ...

„Nearly one in four youth (ages 15-29) in Italy are neither in employment, education, or training – the so-called NEETs – the highest value in the OECD area preceded only by Turkey.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 145

 

Youth in Italy face specific labour market barriers ...

Italien: „The disadvantage of the youth compared to adults is very severe: the unemployment rate of youth (aged 15-24) is nearly 4 times as high as adult unemployment (25 years or older), while it is only twice as high in most OECD countries. This suggests that youth in Italy face specific labour market barriers which need to be removed.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 145

 

Italy underperforms in school-to-work transitions ...

Italien: „School-to-work transitions are among the longest in the world. There are several ways to measure the school-to-work transition, and Italy underperforms in all of them.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 147

 

The time needed to get the youth population into work after school leaving ...

Italien: „The time needed to get 50 % of the youth population into work after school leaving is equal to 5.9 years in Italy – longer than any OECD countries and most developing countries for which data is available. Similarly, the average duration of completed transitions – another measure of school-to-work transition – is 1.7 years and higher levels are found only in Spain (1.8) across the OECD, and South Africa (2.7) across non-OECD countries for which data is available.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 147

 

Italiens Braindrain ...

„Faced with lack of jobs, and weak returns to education, some (often high-skilled) youth decide to leave the country in search of better employment opportunities.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 147

 

What distinguishes Italy from many other OECD countries ...

„What distinguishes Italy from many other OECD countries is that it has a 'net brain drain' – the number of (high-skilled) young Italians leaving the country exceeds the number of (equally high-skilled) foreigners entering it –, a situation which is more typical of a developing economy.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 147

 

Finanzieller Verlust für die gesamte Gesellschaft ...

„Recent OECD estimates show that the “NEET cost”, i.e. the gross labour income NEETs could command if they were employed, measured as the gross labour cost (including social security contributions), represents 1.4 % of GDP in Italy, above most OECD countries (only preceded by Belgium, Turkey and Greece) and higher than the OECD average of 0.9 %.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 148

 

Disconnection between the education system and the world of work ...

Italien: „A reason for youth’s poor labour market outcomes is that there is a large disconnection between the education system and the world of work.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 148

 

Übertroffen wird Italiens NEET-Rate nur mehr von Griechenland ...

„Italy has the second highest proportion of young people not in education, employment or training in the OECD.“

Dr. Paula Garda, „Enhancing employability and skills to meet labour market needs in Italy“ (2017), S. 8

 

The unemployment rate among tertiary educated adults ...

Italien: „The unemployment rate among tertiary educated adults is among the highest in OECD countries.“

Dr. Paula Garda, „Enhancing employability and skills to meet labour market needs in Italy“ (2017), S. 30

 

The prevalence of bullying varies considerably across Europe ...

„The prevalence of bullying varies considerably across Europe. Lithuania, Belgium, Estonia, Austria and Latvia are some of the countries with relatively high victimisation rates between around 20 % and 30 %, compared to the lower rates of Denmark, Sweden, Czech Republic, Croatia, Italy and Spain below 10 %.“

NESET (Hrsg.), „How to Prevent and Tackle Bullying and School Violence“ (2017), S. 6

 

Mehr als jeder vierte junge Mensch im Alter von 20 bis 24 Jahren ...

„Auf der Ebene der Mitgliedstaaten war im Jahr 2015 mehr als jeder vierte junge Mensch im Alter von 20 bis 24 Jahren in Italien (31,1 %) sowie in Griechenland (26,1 %) weder erwerbstätig noch in Bildung bzw. Weiterbildung und mehr als jeder fünfte in Kroatien (24,2 %), Rumänien (24,1 %), Bulgarien (24,0 %), Spanien und Zypern (jeweils 22,2 %) befand sich ebenfalls in dieser Lage.“

Eurostat (Hrsg.), Pressemitteilung vom 11. August 2016

 

Unemployment rate of youth twice as high as adult unemployment in most countries ...

„The unemployment rate of youth (aged 15-24) is twice as high as adult unemployment (25 years+) in most countries. It is nearly 4 times as high in Italy, New Zealand, Sweden and the United Kingdom.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Society at a Glance 2016” (2016), S. 92

 

The largest differences in early leaving between the native population and people born elsewhere ...

„The largest differences in early leaving between the native population and people born elsewhere are observed in southern Europe (Italy, Spain and Greece) and Austria, with gaps of more than 18 percentage points.“

Eurostat (Hrsg.), „Sustainable development in the European Union“ (2016), S. 44

 

Involuntary part-time workers in Italy, Spain and Ireland ...

„In Italy, Spain and Ireland, around every tenth employee is an involuntary part-time worker. For youth, these rates are twice as high. Especially young women are likely to work shorter hours than they want to: around a quarter of young women aged 15-29 in Spain and Italy, but also in Australia.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Society at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 90

 

Italy has a weak school-to-work transition ...

„Italy has a weak school-to-work transition as there is a big gap between young graduates’ competencies and labour market needs. According to the Commission, only 54.6 % of those aged 15-34 who graduated from tertiary education within three years or fewer were employed in 2015, against the EU average of 79.7 %.“

Claire Dhéret u. a., „Towards a Europeanisation of Youth Employment Policies“ (2016), S. 43

 

Countries with very high long-term youth-unemployment rates ...

„Countries with very high long-term youth-unemployment rates include Greece, Italy, Croatia and Slovakia.“

Bertelsmann (Hrg.), „Long-term Unemployment in the EU: Trends and Policies“ (2016), S. 18

 

Literacy in Italy ...

„Italy (85.4 %), Spain (82.6 %), Korea (79.4 %) and the Netherlands (71.8 %) have an exceptionally high proportion of adults who scored at or below Level 1 in literacy who came from families in which both parents had less than upper secondary level attainment.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Anke Grotlüschen u. a., „Adults with Low Proficiency in Literacy or Numeracy“ (2016), S. 34

 

The unemployment rate of youth (aged 15-24) ...

„The unemployment rate of youth (aged 15-24) is twice as high as adult unemployment (25 years+) in most countries. It is nearly 4 times as high in Italy, New Zealand, Sweden and the United Kingdom.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Society at a Glance 2016” (2016), S. 92

 

The Italian education system ...

„The Italian education system continues to remain a weak spot, as the ESL rate is well above the EU average and school education produces mixed results in terms of skills attainment.“

Claire Dhéret u. a., „Towards a Europeanisation of Youth Employment Policies“ (2016), S. 43

 

In Italy individuals whose parents have higher education ...

„In Italy individuals whose parents have higher education are almost 10 times more likely to have a higher education degree than those whose parents have below upper secondary education …“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Indicators in Focus 35“ (Oktober 2015), Seite 1

Dieser sozioökonomische Effekt ist in Italien fast doppelt so groß wie in Österreich.

 

Concentration of immigrants in ‚enclave schools‘ ...

„Across OECD countries, the concentration of immigrants in ‚enclave schools‘ is particularly high in Canada, Greece and Italy.“

Dr. Andreas Schleicher, PISA-Koordinator der OECD, in OECD (Hrsg.), „Immigrant Students at School“ (2015), S. 7

 

Italy has the second highest proportion of young people not in education ...

„Italy has the second highest proportion of young people not in education, employment or training in the EU (26.2 % of 15-29 year-olds in 2014) after Greece (26.7 %).“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2015 - Country analysis“ (2015), S. 155

 

With a NEET rate that has risen to 32 percent ...

„With a NEET rate that has risen to 32 percent, Italy brings up an unhappy rear in this regard. […] By contrast, the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and Austria take the first four places in the comparison, showing the lowest NEET rates.“

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Hrsg.), „Social Justice in the EU – Index Report 2015“ (2015), S. 52

 

The lowest literacy scores among tertiary-educated 25-34 year-olds ...

Italien: Italy, together with Spain and Ireland, had the lowest literacy scores among tertiary-educated 25-34 year-olds who participated in the OECD Survey of Adult Skills.“

OECD (Hrsg.), Education at a Glance. Country Note Italy (2015), S. 4

 

Lesekompetenz bei PIAAC: „Italy (250) and Spain (252) ...

Lesekompetenz bei PIAAC: „Italy (250) and Spain (252), but also France (262), fall substantially short of the international performance and constitute the bottom of the international league tables.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ludger Wößmann, „The Economic Case for Education“ (2014), S. 23

 

Italy is the OECD country with the highest university dropout rate ...

„Italy is the OECD country with the highest university dropout rate, since about 55 % of the individuals enrolling to university in 2006 did not get a degree compared to the OECD average of 31 %.“

Francesco Berlingieri, M.Sc., u.a., „Youth Unemployment in Europe - Appraisal and Policy Options“ (2014), S. 90