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Prioritising salaries over class size ...

„Japan and Korea, two top performers in PISA, are good examples of countries prioritising salaries over class size. Both countries pay their teachers relatively well and require fewer teaching hours, so that teachers have more time for activities such as preparing lessons, meeting other teachers and tutoring students who are behind.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Indicators in Focus 46“ (Dezember 2016), S. 4

 

Frei finanzierte Privatschulen ...

„In Japan, Lebanon, Peru, Qatar, Chinese Taipei and the United Arab Emirates, at least one in four students are enrolled in government-independent private schools.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 124

 

The high levels of stress are reflected in Japan’s suicide rates ...

Japan: „The high levels of stress are reflected in Japan’s suicide rates, which are among the highest in the world, including among younger generations.“

UNESCO (Hrsg.), „Happy Schools!” (2016), S. 28

 

Special education in Japan ...

Japan: „Based on specific disabilities, special education is provided in three ways: in special schools, in special classes and resource rooms within normal schools, or within the normal classroom.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 63

 

Numeracy skills of teachers ...

„In Japan and Finland, for example, the average teacher has better numeracy skills than the average college graduate while in the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, the Slovak Republic and Sweden, the reverse is true.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Teaching Excellence through Professional Learning and Policy Reform“ (2016), S. 12

 

In Croatia, Hong Kong-China, Japan and the Netherlands, over 90 % of students attend selective schools ...

„In Croatia, Hong Kong-China, Japan and the Netherlands, over 90 % of students attend selective schools, i.e. schools where student academic performance and/or recommendations from feeder schools are always considered for admission.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Equations and Inequalities“ (2016), S. 88

 

Suicide rates among under 30s ...

„Suicide rates among under 30s are highest in Finland, Japan, Korea and New Zealand, with 15 or more suicides per 100 000 youth.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Society at a Glance 2016” (2016), S. 118

 

Annual tuition fees for bachelor's programme in Japan ...

For students in a bachelor’s programme in Japan, annual average tuition fees were USD 5 152 in public institutions in 2014/15 and USD 8 263 in private institutions in 2013/14.“

OECD (Hrsg.), “Education at a Glance. Country Note Japan” (2015), S. 6

 

In school systems with hierarchical tracks ...

„In school systems with hierarchical tracks, as they are common in some European countries (e.g., Germany, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria), but also in Korea, China, Brazil, Russia, and Japan, tracking does take place at the school level. In these school systems, students are allocated by teachers to different schools with different curricula and different final degrees on the basis of their achievements and interests in primary school.“

Prof. Dr. Florian Klapproth, „Do Algorithms Homogenize Students’ Achievements in Secondary School Better Than Teachers’ Tracking Decisions?“ in „Educatrion Policy Analysis Archives“, 23(62), 2015, S. 3

 

One of the most marked characteristics of Japanese society is the high status attached to education ...

„One of the most marked characteristics of Japanese society is the high status attached to education, which is seen as being the bedrock of a successful career, social advancement and prestige.“

Prof. Dr. Matthias Pilz u. a., „Problematic transitions from school to employment: freeters and NEETs in Japan and Germany“ in „Compare“, 2015, Vol. 45, No. 1, S. 79

 

Across OECD countries, 18 % of students skipped at least one class ...

„Across OECD countries, 18 % of students skipped at least one class and 15% skipped at least an entire day of school without authorisation in the two weeks before the PISA test. […] In most high-performing school systems, such as Hong Kong-China, Japan, Korea and Shanghai-China, virtually no student skips classes or days of school.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“, Nr. 35, Jänner 2014, S. 1f

 

Some 7 % of students in Japan and 9 % of students in Korea attend schools where ...

„Some 7 % of students in Japan and 9 % of students in Korea attend schools where more than 10 % of students skipped a day or a class at least once in the two weeks prior to the PISA test; by contrast, across OECD countries, an average of 73 % of students attend such schools.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“, Nr. 35, Jänner 2014, S. 3

 

The highest-performing educational systems recruit their teachers from the top third ...

„The highest-performing educational systems recruit their teachers from the top third of each cohort of graduates (top 5 % in Korea, 10 % in Finland and 30 % in Singapore and Japan).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 193

 

Great variation of students’ performance between schools ...

„Like in Germany, there is great variation of students’ performance between schools in Japan, which has even increased over the last decade, but low variation within schools.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 72

 

Students’ academic achievement increased due to out-of-school lessons ...

„In Japan, high school students’ academic achievement is increased due to out-of-school lessons.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 71

 

Out-of-school education determines higher achievement scores ...

Japan: „Out-of-school education determines higher achievement scores in international comparison in a decisive way and therefore provides a reasonable explanation for the Japanese success in PISA.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 71

 

Juku industry in Japan ...

„Today most Japanese students have juku experience. It is commonly perceived that without the juku industry the Japanese formal school system can no longer properly prepare students for their later life course.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 75

 

Juku industry generates about $ 12 billion a year ...

„Compared to the Japanese juku industry that generates about $ 12 billion a year, the institutionalized German Nachhilfe system with its estimated more than 4,000 Nachhilfe schools is in an early stage of development.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 77

 

Performance-enhancing enrichment lessons ...

„Nearly every second Japanese student uses performance-enhancing enrichment lessons.“

Steve Entrich, „Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan“ in de Gruyter, „Contemporary Japan“, 2014, 26(1), S. 95

 

Leistungen der 10-Jährigen ...

Leistungen der 10-Jährigen: „The East Asian countries, including Singapore, Korea, Hong Kong SAR, Chinese Taipei, and Japan excel in mathematics from assessment cycle to assessment cycle, and the Russian Federation and Finland are top performers in reading.“

IEA (Hrsg.), „TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships among reading, mathematics, and science achievement at the fourth grade“ (2013), S. 14