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Monopolstellung des multinationalen Konzerns Pearson in weiten Teilen der USA ...

„Der multinationale Konzern Pearson mit weltweit 40.000 Mitarbeiter/innen, der die Verlage Addison-Wesley und Penguin-Random-House, Zeitungen wie der Financial Times, Vergnügungsparks und Madame-Tussaud-Wachsfigurenkabinette besitzt, hat sich in weiten Teilen der USA eine Monopolstellung gesichert. Er verkauft den US-Bundesstaaten nicht nur Tests, sondern bietet auch darauf abgestimmte Lehrbücher sowie Lern- und Lehrsoftware an.“

Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Franz Rauch u. a., „Auswirkungen von Schulrankings auf Unterricht, Schulorganisation und Bildungssystem“ (November 2016), S. 22

 

Keine Verbesserung der Schulqualität durch Charter Schools und Academies ...

„Die marktkonforme Öffnung der Schulen für private Angebote („Charter Schools“ in den USA, „Academies“ in England) als Konkurrenz zu den staatlichen Schulen führte zu keinen Verbesserungen der Schulqualität.“

Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Franz Rauch u. a., „Auswirkungen von Schulrankings auf Unterricht, Schulorganisation und Bildungssystem“ (November 2016), S. 17

 

Leistungsdifferenzierung nach Wohnort ...

„Ability stratification based on geography is common in the United States, and public/private school divisions remain relatively common in Australia and Great Britain.“

Dr. Philip Parker u. a., „A Multination Study of Socioeconomic Inequality in Expectations for Progression to Higher Education“. In: „American Educational Research Journal“, February 2016, Vol. 53, No. 1, S. 24

 

Frei finanzierte Privatschulen ...

„In Japan, Lebanon, Peru, Qatar, Chinese Taipei and the United Arab Emirates, at least one in four students are enrolled in government-independent private schools.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 124

 

Parents in more advantaged class positions ...

Parents in more advantaged class positions will respond to any expansion or reform of the educational system by using their own superior resources – economic, cultural and social – to whatever extent it takes to help their children retain a competitive edge in the system and in turn in the labour market.

Univ.-Prof. Dr. John Goldthorpe, The Guardian online am 12. März 2016

 

Estland, Europas PISA-2015-Sieger ...

Estland, Europas PISA-2015-Sieger: „Privately-run schools receive public funding on the same terms as public schools and can also charge tuition fees. They can also return profits to owners. The decision to provide private schools with public funds is designed to increase the amount of school choice in the education system.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Reviews of School Resources – Estonia“ (2016), S. 120

 

Educational backgrounds of the UK professional elite ...

England: „In medicine, nearly two thirds (61 %) of top doctors were educated at independent schools, nearly one quarter at grammar schools (22 %) and the remainder (16 %) comprehensives. […] In journalism, about half (51 %) of the country’s leading journalists were educated privately, less than one in five (19 %) went to comprehensives.“

Sutton Trust (Hrsg.), „Leading People 2016 - The educational backgrounds of the UK professional elite“ (2016), S. 2

 

Leading people in England ...

England: „Over the last twenty-five years, 19 winners of the Nobel Prize have been born in the UK. Of those educated in the UK, 44 % attended independent schools, 50 % grammar schools and just over 6% went to comprehensives.“

Sutton Trust (Hrsg.), „Leading People 2016 - The educational backgrounds of the UK professional elite“ (2016), S. 41

 

Half of the expenditure on tertiary education from private sources...

„In Australia, Chile, Japan, Korea and the United States, over half of the expenditure on tertiary education comes from private sources, accounting for at least 1 % of GDP.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 199

 

In Korea, for example, 80 % of students are enrolled in private institutions ...

„In Korea, for example, 80 % of students are enrolled in private institutions, and more than 40 % of the education budget come from tuition fees.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 213

 

The average annual tuition fee charged by independent private institutions ...

„In the United States, the average annual tuition fee charged by independent private institutions for bachelor’s or equivalent level is USD 21 189, more than two-and-a-half times the average annual tuition fee in public institutions (USD 8 202). In Japan and Korea, the average annual tuition fee at this level of education is above USD 8 000 in private institutions, while it is closer to USD 5 000 for public institutions.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 236

 

Modi der Segregation in Gesamtschulsystemen ...

„Alle Gesamtschulsysteme haben andere Modi der Segregation entwickelt. Der einfachste und banalste, der übrigens im Moment massiv im Vormarsch ist – da gibt es eine wunderbare 16-Cities-Studie, die sechzehn Großstädte in mehreren Ländern vergleicht –, ist Trägerschaft: öffentlich, privat, frei.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Stefan Hopmann, „Bildungsreform 2015 – Fortschritt oder Rückschritt?“, Keynote beim „Weis[s]en Salon“ vom 10. Dezember 2015

 

Englands Erfahrung mit der Privatisierung von Schulen („academies“) ...

England: „The gap between more disadvantaged pupils and others had grown wider on average in academies than in comparable maintained schools.“

Sutton Trust (Hrsg.), „The impact of academy chains on low-income students“ (2015), S. 8

 

Households pay for more than half of the tertiary costs ...

„Households pay for more than half of the tertiary costs in the Republic of Korea, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America and Japan.“

UNICEF (Hrsg.), „The Investment Case for Education and Equity“ (2015), S. 37

 

Tuition fees for public institutions ...

„Tuition fees for public institutions are higher than USD 2 000 in more than half of the countries with available data, and they exceed USD 4 000 in Australia, Canada, Korea and New Zealand, USD 5 000 in Japan, and USD 8 000 in the United Kingdom (for government-dependent private institutions in England only) and the United States.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2015: OECD Indicators“ (2015), S. 264

 

Only students from elite schools or with a Doctorate stand a very good chance ...

Frankreich: „Only students from elite schools or with a Doctorate stand a very good chance at getting top level jobs.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Marie Duru-Bellat, „Access to Higher Education: the French case“ (2015), S. 36

 

84 % had attended an elite school in France ...

Frankreich: „A recent study shows that among the about 546 top executives belonging to the 40 largest companies, 84 % had attended an elite school, and 46 % were coming from 3 of them.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Marie Duru-Bellat, „Access to Higher Education: the French case“ (2015), S. 41

 

The share of private funds exceeds 20 % in Canada ...

„Comparing expenditure on primary to tertiary levels of education combined, the share of private funds exceeds 20 % in Canada, Israel, Portugal and the United Kingdom, 25 % in Australia, Japan and New Zealand, 30 % in Colombia, Korea and the United States, and reaches nearly 40 % in Chile.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2015: OECD Indicators“ (2015), S. 240

In Österreich sind es erst 4 %. (ibidem, S. 248)

 

More than 50 % of the costs of tertiary education are borne by households ...

„More than 50 % of the costs of tertiary education are borne by households or other private sources in several OECD countries, including Chile, Korea, the United Kingdom, Japan and the United States.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Government at a Glance 2015“ (2015), S. 174

 

Charter schools no better or worse than traditional public schools ...

USA: „More than 80 % of charter schools are either no better or worse than traditional public schools at securing math and reading gains for their students.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. David Berliner, „50 Myths and Lies That Threaten America's Public Schools“ (2014), S. 23f

 

Private schools are allowed to select ...

Niederlande: „Private schools are allowed to select on the basis of religion or educational philosophy and some non-religious private schools ask significantly higher ‘voluntary’ fees.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Henry Levin u. a., Does educational privatisation promote social justice?“ in „Oxford Review of Education“, 2013, Vol. 39, No. 4, S. 523

 

Private expenditure for primary and lower secondary education in Korea ...

„Private expenditure for primary and lower secondary education in Korea accounts for 21.5 % of the total investment, one of the highest proportions among OECD countries.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 190

In Österreich macht dieser privat finanzierte Anteil 4,5 % aus. (Quelle: OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2013“ (2013), S. 206)

 

As standardised student assessment becomes a more profitable industry ...

„As standardised student assessment becomes a more profitable industry, companies have strong incentives to lobby for the expansion of student standardised assessment as an educational policy therefore influencing the activities within the evaluation and assessment framework.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Synergies for Better Learning“ (2013), S. 51

 

Family education expenditure in China ...

China: „Since the 1990s, family education expenditure increases at an average rate of 29.3 percent every year which is faster than the increase of family income, higher than the increases of other consumption expenditure and also higher than the growth of China’s GDP.“

Dr. Wei Li u. a., „An Analysis on Social and Cultural Background of the Resistance for China’s Education Reform and Academic Pressure“ in „International Education Studies“, Vol. 3, No 3; August 2010, S. 213f