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NEETs 2016 ...

NEET: „Knapp 8 % der 15- bis 24-Jährigen waren im Jahr 2016 weder erwerbstätig noch in Aus- bzw. Weiterbildung. Jugendliche ohne Migrationshintergrund waren zu knapp 6 % betroffen, bei Jugendlichen mit Migrationshintergrund handelte es sich um mehr als 13 %. Bei der ersten Zuwanderergeneration war der Anteil mit über 15 % noch höher als bei der zweiten Zuwanderergeneration mit 11 %. Bei Jugendlichen aus den EU- und EFTA-Staaten war der Anteil deutlich geringer (8 %) als bei Jugendlichen aus Drittstaaten (15 %).“

ÖIF (Hrsg), „Migration und Schule“ (Mai 2018), S. 5f

 

Rund 7 % der 15- bis 24-Jährigen waren 2017 weder erwerbstätig noch in Aus- oder Weiterbildung ...

„Rund 7 % der 15- bis 24-Jährigen waren 2017 weder erwerbstätig noch in Aus- oder Weiterbildung. Jugendliche ohne Migrationshintergrund waren zu knapp 5 % betroffen, Jugendliche mit Migrationshintergrund zu 12 %.“

Statistik Austria (Hrsg.), „migration & integration - zahlen.daten.indikatoren 2018“ (2018), S. 60

 

SchulabbrecherInnen in der EU ...

„Early leavers from education and training face particularly severe problems in the labour market. In 2017, 55.7 % of 18 to 24 year old early leavers from education and training were either unemployed or inactive. This share has increased by 10.1 percentage points compared to 2008.“

Eurostat (Hrsg), „Smarter, greener, more inclusive? 2018 edition“ (2018), S. 11

 

EU: In 2017, 14.3 % of 18 to 24 year olds were neither in employment nor in education (NEET) ...

EU: „In 2017, 14.3 % of 18 to 24 year olds were neither in employment nor in education (NEET), exposing themselves to the risk of labour market exclusion and dependence on social security.“

Eurostat (Hrsg), „Smarter, greener, more inclusive? 2018 edition“ (2018), S. 36

In Österreich waren es nur 8,1 %. (Quelle: Eurostat-Datenbank, Abfrage vom 29. Juli 2018)

 

In Norway, children born into low socio-economic backgrounds face a higher risk of becoming NEET in their youth ...

„In Norway, children born into low socio-economic backgrounds face a higher risk of becoming NEET in their youth. Young people whose mother did not have an uppersecondary education are more than twice as likely to be NEET as the children of tertiary educated mothers. This effect is strongest for 15-19 year-olds, indicating a particularly strong effect of parental education on upper-secondary school drop-out.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Investing in Youth: Norway“ (2018), S. 44

 

Norwegen: Disadvantage for young people with parents who were not gainfully employed ...

Norwegen: „Having grown-up in a household with parents who were not gainfully employed puts young people at a disadvantage – those whose father was not working when they were 16 years old are twice as likely to be NEET as those whose father was working, a somewhat bigger cleavage than in Germany.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Investing in Youth: Norway“ (2018), S. 44f

 

NEETs in Norway report significantly lower life satisfaction than other young people ...

„NEETs in Norway report significantly lower life satisfaction than other young people, and are much more likely to suffer from poor mental health indicated by self-reported anxiety and depression. Four-out-of-ten NEETs reported low life satisfaction, a share that is four times higher than among young people who study or work – a much bigger gap than in the EU on average, where NEETs are only twice as likely to be unsatisfied with their lives as other young people.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Investing in Youth: Norway“ (2018), S. 45

 

USA: In 2016, some 17 percent of 20- to 24-year-olds were neither enrolled in school nor working ...

USA: „In 2016, some 17 percent of 20- to 24-year-olds were neither enrolled in school nor working […] some 31 percent of those in poor households were neither in school nor working, compared to 13 percent of those in nonpoor households.“

ies (Hrsg.), „The Condition of Education 2018“ (2018), Highlights, S. XXXVI

 

Italien: NEET-rate the highest in the EU (21 %) ...

Italien: „Youth unemployment has doubled from 20 % in 2007 to 40 % in 2015 and the proportion of young people aged 15 to 24 who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) is the highest in the EU (21 %).“

Dr. Daniele Pacifico u. a., „Faces of Joblessness in Italy“ (2018), S. 11

 

High NEET rates close or above 20 % are still recorded in a number of countries (Croatia, Bulgaria, Italy and Romania) ...

„High NEET rates close or above 20 % are still recorded in a number of countries (Croatia, Bulgaria, Italy and Romania, the latter even showing a substantial increase in 2015). There are also indications that the NEET rate is going in the wrong direction in Denmark, Finland, France and Slovakia.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Joint Employment Report 2017“ (2017), S. 38

 

The share of youth that are NEET in France ...

„The share of youth that are NEET in France reached 17.1% in France in 2015, which is substantially higher than the OECD average of 14.6%.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Getting Skills Right. France“ (2017), S. 17

 

Italien: Youth struggle to make the transition from education to the world of work ...

Italien: „Youth struggle to make the transition from education to the world of work. […] Many of them take too long to finish their studies and conduct independent lives – for example outside their parents’ houses.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 131

 

Nearly one in four youth in Italy are neither in employment, education, or training ...

„Nearly one in four youth (ages 15-29) in Italy are neither in employment, education, or training – the co-called NEETs – the highest value in the OECD area preceded only by Turkey.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 145

 

Italien: School-to-work transitions are among the longest in the world ...

Italien: „School-to-work transitions are among the longest in the world. There are several ways to measure the school-to-work transition, and Italy underperforms in all of them.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 147

 

The time needed to get 50 % of the youth population into work after school leaving is equal to 5.9 years in Italy ...

Italien: „The time needed to get 50 % of the youth population into work after school leaving is equal to 5.9 years in Italy – longer than any OECD countries and most developing countries for which data is available. Similarly, the average duration of completed transitions – another measure of school-to-work transition – is 1.7 years and higher levels are found only in Spain (1.8) across the OECD, and South Africa (2.7) across non-OECD countries for which data is available.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 147

 

Finanzieller Verlust für die gesamte Gesellschaft ...

„Recent OECD estimates show that the “NEET cost”, i.e. the gross labour income NEETs could command if they were employed, measured as the gross labour cost (including social security contributions), represents 1.4 % of GDP in Italy, above most OECD countries (only preceded by Belgium, Turkey and Greece) and higher than the OECD average of 0.9 %.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017“ (2017), S. 148

 

Italien: The average share of Italian NEET is extremely high by international standards ...

Italien: „The average share of Italian NEET (population aged 15-29 who is neither in employment nor in education or training) is extremely high by international standards (around 27 %) and it was second only to Greece in 2014.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Getting Skills Right. Italy“ (2017), S. 150

 

Vocational education as key to lowering youth unemployment rates ...

„Vocational education is increasingly considered as key to lowering youth unemployment rates and facilitating the transition of young people from education into work/the labour market.“

Eurostat (Hrsg.), „Eurostat regional yearbook 2017“ (2017), S. 78

 

Beschäftigungsgrad junger AbsolventInnen ...

„Generally, capital city regions reported relatively high employment rates for recent graduates in 2016, with these regions recording the highest rates in six of the 22 multi-regional EU Member States. One notable exception to this general pattern was Austria, as Wien recorded the lowest regional employment rate for recent graduates in Austria.“

Eurostat (Hrsg.), „Eurostat regional yearbook 2017“ (2017), S. 90

 

In the majority of OECD countries the foreign-born are over-represented in NEET ...

„In the majority of OECD countries the foreign-born are over-represented in NEET with the result that the average NEET rate among foreign-born youth in OECD countries is 30 % (or six percentage points) higher than that among native-born youth.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „International Migration Outlook 2017“ (2017), S. 72

In Österreich ist der NEET-Anteil unter den Zugezogenen nicht um 30 %, sondern um 137 % größer als der der im Land Geborenen.

 

UK: 16-year-olds who were bullied at school were twice as likely to be without education, employment or training ...

„A 2010 study in the UK found that 16-year-olds who were bullied at school were twice as likely to be without education, employment or training, and to have lower wage levels at age 23 and 33, than those who were not bullied. In turn, young men who are not in education, employment or training, are three times more likely to suffer from depression and five times more likely to have a criminal record.“

UNESCO (Hrsg.), „School Violence and Bullying“ (2017), S. 28

 

Austria exhibits one of the lowest shares of 20-to-24 year-olds who are NEET ...

„Drop-out rates are significantly lower than in other European countries and Austria exhibits one of the lowest shares of 20-to-24 year-olds who are neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) and one of the highest shares of those who are already in gainful employment at this age.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Economic Surveys – AUSTRIA“ (2017), S. 120

 

Foreign-born youth in the Netherlands are particularly at risk of becoming NEET ...

„Foreign-born youth in the Netherlands are particularly at risk of becoming NEET. Foreign-born youth (aged 15-24) are more than twice as likely as native-born youth to be NEET (OECD, 2016b). They are at serious risk of economic and social exclusion, with potentially harmful effects for all of society.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Netherlands 2017“ (2017), S. 135

 

Italiens NEET-Rate ...

„Italy has the second highest proportion of young people not in education, employment or training in the OECD.“

Dr. Paula Garda, „Enhancing employability and skills to meet labour market needs in Italy“ (2017), S. 8

Übertroffen wird Italiens NEET-Rate nur mehr von Griechenland.

 

Educational attainment and skills are less linked to NEET status in Japan than in most other OECD countries ...

„Educational attainment and skills are less linked to NEET status in Japan than in most other OECD countries; over one third of Japanese NEETs even have a tertiary qualification.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Investing in Youth: Japan“ (2017), S. 14

 

Austria exhibits one of the lowest shares of 20-to-24 year-olds who are neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET ...

„Drop-out rates are significantly lower than in other European countries and Austria exhibits one of the lowest shares of 20-to-24 year-olds who are neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) and one of the highest shares of those who are already in gainful employment at this age.“

Dr. Volker Ziemann, „Inclusive labour Markets in the digital era: The case of Austria“ (2017), S. 22

 

Austria’s VET-oriented tracks as key drivers ...

„The scope and diversity of Austria’s VET-oriented tracks are arguably key drivers for the country’s strong performance in the transition from school to work.“

Dr. Volker Ziemann, „Inclusive labour Markets in the digital era: The case of Austria“ (2017), S. 22

 

Weder erwerbstätig noch in Bildung in Italien und Griechenland ...

„Auf der Ebene der Mitgliedstaaten war im Jahr 2015 mehr als jeder vierte junge Mensch im Alter von 20 bis 24 Jahren in Italien (31,1 %) sowie in Griechenland (26,1 %) weder erwerbstätig noch in Bildung bzw. Weiterbildung und mehr als jeder fünfte in Kroatien (24,2 %), Rumänien (24,1 %), Bulgarien (24,0 %), Spanien und Zypern (jeweils 22,2 %) befand sich ebenfalls in dieser Lage.“

Eurostat (Hrsg.), Pressemitteilung vom 11. August 2016

 

Höheres Risiko für Jugendliche mit Migrationshintergrund ...

„Jugendliche mit Migrationshintergrund haben ein höheres Risiko nur die Pflichtschule abzuschließen sowie die Schule früh abzubrechen und sind damit stärker gefährdet unfreiwillig in die NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training) Kategorie zu fallen.“

think.difference (Hrsg.), „Jugendliche in der offenen Jugendarbeit“ (2016), S. 60

 

Foreign-born young people are significantly more exposed to the risk of being NEETs ...

„Foreign-born young people are significantly more exposed to the risk of being NEETs than the native-born. In most OECD countries, youth born outside their country of residence are 1.5 times more likely to be NEET than native youth.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Society at a Glance 2016” (2016), S. 19

 

A growing share of youth fall into the category of neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET) ...

„As youth unemployment rates remain persistently high and transitions from education into work become increasingly difficult, a growing share of youth fall into the category of neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET), with the attendant risks of skills deterioration, underemployment and discouragement.“

ILO (Hrsg.), „World Employment Social Outlook 2016 - Trend for Youth 2016“ (2016), S. 17

 

14.6% of all youth were NEETs in 2015 ...

„Averaged across OECD countries, 14.6% of all youth were NEETs in 2015.”

OECD (Hrsg.), „Society at a Glance 2016” (2016), S. 19

 

Neither employed nor in education or training (NEET) ...

„A substantial number of young people are neither employed nor in education or training (NEET) across countries. On average across OECD countries, 17.0% of 20-24 year-olds are NEETs.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2016“ (2016), S. 346

 

Schweden: Disadvantage is transmitted across generations ...

Schweden: „Disadvantage is transmitted across generations. NEET rates are higher for young people whose parents themselves have low educational attainment.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Investing in Youth: Sweden“ (2016), S. 21

 

NEET- Anteil gering in Österreich ...

„Österreich gelingt es, den Anteil junger Erwachsener, die weder in Beschäftigung noch in Ausbildung sind (NEET), gering zu halten.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Österreich – Ländernotiz –Bildung auf einen Blick: OECD-Indikatoren“ (2015), S. 4

 

Frauen öfters NEET als Männer ...

„Über alle OECD-Länder hinweg sind Frauen öfters NEET als Männer. […] In Österreich ist diese Geschlechterdifferenz so gering wie in kaum einem anderen OECD- Land und im Gegensatz zum OECD-Mittel zum Vorteil von Frauen (12,5% der Männer haben NEET-Status verglichen mit 11,5% der Frauen).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Österreich – Ländernotiz –Bildung auf einen Blick: OECD-Indikatoren“ (2015), S. 4f

 

Staaten, die den von der OECD empfohlenen Weg gegangen sind ...

„The proportion of NEETs among 15 to 29 year-olds in France has been, on average over the last decade, one of the highest in the OECD countries, after Italy, Spain and Greece.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pierre Cahuc u. a., „Youth unemployment in France“. In: Dolado (Hrsg.), „No Country for Young People?“ (2015), S. 47

 

NEET: In Österreich 7 %, in Frankreich 17 % ...

„In France, 17 % of youths between the ages of 15 and 29 are not in education, employment or training.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pierre Cahuc u. a., „Youth unemployment in France“. In: Dolado (Hrsg.), „No Country for Young People?“ (2015), S. 47

 

The NEET population aged 15–24 has increased considerably ...

The NEET population aged 15–24 has increased considerably since the onset of the recession. It rose from 10.9% in 2007 to 12.4% in 2014 across the EU. […] Low and decreasing levels of NEETs are recorded in Austria, Denmark, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Sweden.“

Eurofound (Hrsg.), „Social inclusion of young people“ (2015), S. 17

 

Österreichweit 7 % der 15- bis 24-Jährigen NEETs ...

„Laut Daten der Statistik Austria wurden österreichweit 7 % der 15- bis 24-Jährigen dieser Gruppe zugerechnet. Besonders hoch war der Anteil bei Jugendlichen mit Migrationshintergrund (15 %). Bei jenen aus Nicht-EU-Staaten lag er bei 18 %, bei jenen aus EU-Ländern bei 11 %.“

Österreichischer Integrationsfonds (Hrsg.), „ÖIF Monitor Integration & Migration“ (2015), S. 2

 

NEETs in France ...

„In France, close to 1.9 million young people between the ages of 15 and 29 are not in education, employment or training. These ‘NEETs’ represent almost 17 % of this age group.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Pierre Cahuc u. a., „Youth unemployment in France“ in Dolado (Hrsg.), „No Country for Young People?“ (2015), S. 47

 

NEETs above OECD average in South Korea ...

Südkorea: „The share of youth not in employment, education or training (NEET) is above the OECD average and is particularly high among youth with tertiary education.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Korea 2015“ (2015), S. 17

 

Share of NEETs among Korean youth with a tertiary education ...

„The share of NEETs among Korean youth with a tertiary education is almost double the OECD average (24% versus 13%), while the rate among all youth is only moderately above average (19% versus 15%).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Korea 2015“ (2015), S. 39

 

Niedrige NEET- Rate in Österreich ...

Österreich: „The proportion of young people between 15 and 29 years old not in education, employment or training (NEET rate) was […] one of the lowest in the EU, at 8.7 %, around half the EU average of 17 %.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2015 - Country analysis“ (2015), S. 13

 

NEETs in Italy ...

„Italy has the second highest proportion of young people not in education, employment or training in the EU (26.2 % of 15-29 year-olds in 2014) after Greece (26.7 %).“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2015 - Country analysis“ (2015), S. 155

 

German dual system ...

„The positive role of well institutionalized systems of vocational training on reducing unemployment risk and smothering the transition from school to work is confirmed by research, as for the case of the well-known German dual system combining education and apprentice on the workplace. For the same reasons, it also contributes in reducing the overall level of NEETs in the country.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „School-to-work transition of young individuals: what can the ELET and NEET indicators tell us?“ (2015), S. 11

 

Österreichs Sonderstellung ...

„For the average EU 28 country, the NEET rate has increased from 10.9 % in 2007 to 13 % in 2013. NEET rates increased strongly not only in southern Europe, but also in the UK and Ireland. In contrast, Austria’s rate of 7.1 % is not only among the lowest in Europe, but has also remained stable since the Great Recession.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Josef Zweimüller, „Labour market integration of young workers and policies against youth unemployment: The case of Austria“. In: Dolado (Hrsg.), „No Country for Young People?“ (2015), S. 16

 

Das Risiko von Ausbildungs- und Beschäftigungslosigkeit ...

„Das Risiko von Ausbildungs- und Beschäftigungslosigkeit ist bei 15- bis 24-Jährigen ohne Migrationshintergrund am geringsten. Der NEET-Indikator sinkt hier sogar von 2007 bis 2013 von 9 % auf 6 %. […] In einem weitaus höheren Ausmaß bewegten sich die Werte bei jenen 15- bis 24-Jährigen, die ihren Bildungsverlauf in Drittstaaten beendeten, nämlich zwischen 25 % und 36 %.“

Stadt Wien (Hrsg.), „3. Wiener Integrations- und Diversitätsmonitor 2011–2013“ (2014), S. 107

 

The cost of the NEET population ...

„The cost to the European Union of youth not finding work is enormous: one estimate puts the annual cost of the NEET population – in terms of both direct costs and lost output – at €153 billion in 2011.“

Mc Kinsey Center for Government (Hrsg.), „Education to Emploment: Getting Europe’s Youth into Work“ (2014), S. 5

 

Austria has a low share of young people (15-29 year olds) neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) ...

„Austria has a low share of young people (15-29 year olds) neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET): 9.7 % compared with an OECD average of 15.0 %.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2014 – Country Note Austria“ (2014), S. 2

 

Italien: The rate of youth Not in Employment or in Education and Training (NEET) at the end of 2013 ...

Italien: „The rate of youth Not in Employment or in Education and Training (NEET) increased by 6.1 percentage points to reach 22.4 % at the end of 2013.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „How does ITALY compare?“ (2014), S. 1

 

Austria has one of the lowest proportions of youth who were neither employed nor in education or training ...

„Austria has one of the lowest proportions of youth who were neither employed nor in education or training (NEET) among all European countries.“

OECD online am 3. Oktober 2013

 

Transition from school to work in Austria is relatively smooth ...

„Most indicators suggest that overall the transition from school to work in Austria is relatively smooth. Unemployment rates for persons with upper secondary or tertiary education level were 4 % or lower in 2009. Youth unemployment is low by international standards. Less than 5 % of those aged 15-29 were not in education and unemployed.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „A Skills beyond School Review of Austria“ (2013), S. 19f

 

Korea’s NEET figures are at the top in OECD countries ...

„Korea’s NEET figures are at the top in OECD countries, especially for youth with tertiary education.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Günther Schmid, „Youth Unemployment in Korea: From a German and Transitional Labour Market Point of View“ (2013), Abstract

 

NEETs are often involved in drugs and alcohol misuse ...

„Studies on the issue have shown that NEETs are often involved in drugs and alcohol misuse, are parents at early ages and are often involved in crime). Young NEETs are also more likely to suffer from poor health and depression.“

Eurofound (Hrsg.), „NEETs – Young People not in Employment, Education or Training“ (2012), S. 60

 

A large share of young adults with tertiary education are now also at risk of ending up in NEET status ...

„A large share of young adults with tertiary education are now also at risk of ending up in NEET status. In countries such as Estonia, Greece and Italy around one-fifth of young people with a tertiary education degree are NEETs.“

Eurofound (Hrsg.), „Recent policy developments related to those not in employment, education and training (NEETs)“ (2012), S. 3

 

The cost of supporting the NEET population in Europe ...

„The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions issued a report in 2012 that estimates the cost of supporting the NEET population in Europe to be € 153 billion (approximately $ 200 billion), or 1.2 percent of European GDP.“

McKinsey (Hrsg.), „Education to employment: Designing a system that works“ (2012), S. 25

 

Duale Ausbildungsgänge haben sich als äußerst erfolgreich erwiesen ...

„Duale Ausbildungsgänge haben sich als äußerst erfolgreich erwiesen, wenn es darum geht, den Übergang junger Menschen in das Berufsleben zu erleichtern. Während der Krise ist es den Ländern, die traditionell über eine duale Ausbildung verfügen (Österreich und Deutschland), gelungen, einen Anstieg ihrer Jugendarbeitslosigkeit zu verhindern.“

Eurofound (Hrsg.), „Junge Menschen und NEETs in Europa: erste Ergebnisse“ (2011), S. 8

 

The length of school-to-work transition in Iceland, Italy and Norway ...

„The length of school-to-work transition in Iceland, Italy and Norway is over three years.“

Cedefop (Hrsg.), „Guiding at-risk youth through learning to work: Lessons from across Europe“ (2010), S. 30

 

Persistent absentees seven times more likely to become NEETs ...

„Persistent absentees were seven times more likely to become NEET than their counterparts.“

Sarah Gracey u.a., „Changing the NEET mindset“ (2010), S. 7