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Where teachers come fom the upper and lower part of the college skill distribution ...

„Teachers come from the upper part of the college skill distribution in some countries (e.g., Finland, Singapore, Ireland, and Chile) and from the lower part in others (e.g., Austria, Denmark, the Slovak Republic, and Poland).“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Eric Hanushek u. a., „The Value of Smarter Teachers: International Evidence on Teacher Cognitive Skills and Student Performance“ (2018), S. 11

 

In Finland, Korea and Singapore, more than 50 % of lower secondary teachers think that the teaching profession is valued in society ...

„In Finland, Korea and Singapore, more than 50 % of lower secondary teachers agreed, or strongly agreed, with the statement 'I think that the teaching profession is valued in society'.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Effective Teacher Policies“ (2018), S. 44

 

Teaching graduates in Singapore must successfully complete a probation period ...

„Teaching graduates in Singapore must successfully complete a probation period in which their competence for the job is evaluated. Singapore also specifically recruits candidates from the top third of the secondary school graduating class by offering them attractive conditions for study and work, such as a competitive monthly stipend during the training period.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Effective Teacher Policies“ (2018), S. 48

 

Several top-performing countries build high-quality education workforces by recruiting the best high school graduates into teacher-education institutions ...

„Several top-performing countries, such as Finland, Korea and Singapore, build high-quality education workforces by recruiting the best high school graduates into teacher-education institutions and then channelling them into the teaching profession.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Effective Teacher Policies“ (2018), S. 136

 

In Singapore, students take screening tests at the beginning of grade 1 ...

„In Singapore, students take screening tests at the beginning of grade 1, and those who are behind in reading receive additional support daily.“

The World Bank (Hrsg.), „Learning to Realize Education's Promise“ (2018), S. 134

 

A country’s performance in PISA is unrelated to the use of standardised testing ...

„A country’s performance in PISA is […] unrelated to the use of standardised testing. Among countries and economies that perform near the top in science, the use of mandatory standardised tests is widespread in Beijing-Shanghai-Jiangsu-Guangdong (China), Singapore and the United Kingdom, but relatively uncommon in Germany, Korea and Switzerland.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „„PISA in Focus“, Nr. 79, Dezember 2017, S. 4

 

Singapurs Nachhilfewesen ...

„Umgerechnet gut 780 Millionen Franken setzt die Branche im Jahr um – in einem Land mit gerade mal 5,5 Millionen Einwohnern.“

Luzerner Zeitung online am 26. August 2017

 

Singapur: 86 Prozent der Befragten fürchten sich vor schlechten Noten ...

„Während im Schnitt der OECD-Länder 66 Prozent der Schüler angaben, Angst vor schlechten Noten zu haben, fürchten sich in Singapur 86 Prozent der Befragten davor. 76 Prozent der Singapurer berichteten, dass sie – selbst wenn sie gut vorbereitet sind – Angst vor Tests und Prüfungen haben. Im OECD-Schnitt sagten das nur 55 Prozent der Kinder.“

Luzerner Zeitung online am 26. August 2017

 

Singapurs Weg zum PISA-Sieg ...

„73 Prozent der Singapurer Kinder verbringen über 40 Stunden die Woche in einem Klassenzimmer, 25 Prozent sogar über 60 Stunden.“

Luzerner Zeitung online am 26. August 2017

 

Teachers in Singapore enjoy high respect from society ...

„Teachers in Singapore enjoy high respect from society. This is not only due to the cultural context but also to policies that have underscored the importance of education in society and promoted the status of teaching as a career.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 45f

 

The top-choice profession ...

„In Finland, teaching is the top-choice profession for college students. Teaching is highly ranked in Singapore as well, and there is a very low attrition rate, less than 3 % annually.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Empowered Educators“ (2017), S. 53

 

Where pupils respect teachers ...

„When asked whether pupils respect teachers, just over 40 per cent of respondents either ‘tended to disagree or strongly disagreed’ in the UK. In comparison, only around 15 per cent and 5 per cent of respondents in China and Singapore respectively said pupils did not respect teachers.“

Migration Advisory Committee (Hrsg.), „Partial review of the Shortage Occupation List“ (2017), S. 45

 

Global Teacher Status Index ...

„Where teacher pay is higher relative to other occupations (such as in Finland and Singapore), recruitment is higher of more highly educated teachers.“

Migration Advisory Committee (Hrsg.), „Partial review of the Shortage Occupation List“ (2017), S. 45

 

Singaporean schools offer a programme called Learning Support for Maths ...

„Singaporean schools offer a programme called Learning Support for Maths (LSM), for students who do not have the basic numeracy skills and knowledge needed to follow the mathematics curriculum at school. Selected students who are identified through a diagnostic test at the beginning of the first grade have extra classes with a specialist teacher for four to eight sessions per week.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Educational Opportunity for All“ (2017), S. 85

 

Singapore […] tries to recruit candidates from the top third of the secondary school graduating class ...

Singapore [] tries to recruit candidates from the top third of the secondary school graduating class and offers them attractive working conditions, such as a competitive monthly stipend during the training period.

OECD (Hrsg.), What do we know about teachers selection and professional development in high-performing countries? (2017), S. 4

 

Singapur: 60 % of high school, and 80 % of primary school age students receive private tuition ...

Singapur: „60 % of high school, and 80 % of primary school age students receive private tuition, 40 % of pre-schoolers receive private tuition, Pre-schoolers, on average, attend two hours private tuition per week, while primary school aged children are attending, on average, at least three hours per week.”

www.atimes.com am 18. Dezember 2016

 

Besonders präsent ist Nachhilfeunterricht in der Republik Korea, in Singapur und Kasachstan ...

„Besonders präsent ist Nachhilfeunterricht in der Republik Korea, in Singapur und Kasachstan, wo am Ende der Grundschulzeit mehr als die Hälfte der Kinder außerschulischen Nachhilfeunterricht nutzt.“

Dr. Karin Guill u. a., „Außerschulischer Nachhilfeunterricht am Ende der Grundschulzeit“, in Dr. Heike Wendt u. a., „TIMSS 2015. Mathematische und naturwissenschaftliche Kompetenzen von Grundschulkindern in Deutschland im internationalen Vergleich“ (2016), S. 248

In Deutschland sind es 9,6 %; Österreichs Daten fehlen, weil Österreichs Unterrichtsministerin aus TIMSS 2015 ausgestiegen ist.

 

Ability-grouped classes ...

„In Australia, Canada, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Israel, Malta, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, the United Kingdom, the United States and Viet Nam, at least three in four students receive instruction in at least one subject in an ability-grouped class.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 176

 

Hours in regular mathematics lessons ...

„In Chile, Peru and Singapore, students spend more than five hours in regular mathematics lessons, whereas in Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia and Montenegro students spend less than half of that time in mathematics class.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 211

 

In Singapore, teachers have 20 % fewer teaching hours for the first three years ...

„In Singapore, teachers have 20 % fewer teaching hours for the first three years of teaching and also receive mentoring support.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Netherlands 2016 – Foundations for the Future“ (2016), S. 110

 

Ability grouping is relatively widespread across OECD countries ...

„Ability grouping is relatively widespread across OECD countries, with more than 70 % of students attending schools whose principal reported that students are grouped by ability for mathematics classes. Over 95 % of students in Australia, Ireland, Israel, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Russian Federation, Singapore and the United Kingdom attend such schools.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Equations and Inequalities“ (2016), S. 99

 

School systems with hierarchical tracks ...

„In school systems with hierarchical tracks, as they are common in some European countries (e.g., Germany, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria), but also in Korea, China, Brazil, Russia, and Japan, tracking does take place at the school level. In these school systems, students are allocated by teachers to different schools with different curricula and different final degrees on the basis of their achievements and interests in primary school.“

Prof. Dr. Florian Klapproth, „Do Algorithms Homogenize Students’ Achievements in Secondary School Better Than Teachers’ Tracking Decisions?“ in „Educatrion Policy Analysis Archives“, 23(62), 2015, S. 3

 

In Singapore, teachers are in front of students only about 12-17 hours a week ...

„In Singapore, teachers are in front of students only about 12-17 hours a week – and when they aren’t teaching, they often form their own research groups to solve problems of practice.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Barnett Berry u. a., „Teacher Leadership“ in Jelmer Evers u. a., „Flip the System“ (2015), S. 217

 

In Singapore, beginning teachers receive 2 years of coaching from expert senior teachers ...

„In Singapore, beginning teachers receive 2 years of coaching from expert senior teachers who are trained by the National Institute of Education as mentors and are given released time to help beginners learn their craft. During the structured mentoring period, beginning teachers teach a reduced load (about two-thirds that of an experienced teacher) and attend courses in classroom management, counseling, reflective practices, and assessment offered by the National Institute of Education and the Ministry of Education.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Linda Darling-Hammond u. a., „Teaching in the Flat World“ (2015), S. 82

 

Singapore offers the top one-third of the secondary school graduating class a monthly stipend when they choose teacher education at university ...

„Singapore offers the top one-third of the secondary school graduating class a monthly stipend when they choose teacher education at university. The payment is comparable to the monthly starting salary for graduates in other fields, and in exchange they must commit to teaching for at least three years.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education Indicators in Focus 21“ (April 2014), S. 4

 

Singapore moved away from its earlier one-size-fits-all approach to schooling ...

„In January 1979, a new education system was introduced. Singapore moved away from its earlier one-size-fits-all approach to schooling to create multiple pathways for students in order to reduce the drop-out rate, improve quality and produce the more technically-skilled labour force needed to achieve the new economic goals. Streaming (tracking) based on academic ability was introduced, starting in elementary schools […] While streaming was unpopular when it was introduced, drop-out rates did, in fact, decline significantly: by 1986, only 6 % of students were leaving school with fewer than 10 years of education. The range of efforts to raise standards also yielded results: performance in the O-level English examinations went from a 60 % failure rate to a 90 % pass rate by 1984, and by 1995 Singapore led the world in mathematics and science on TIMSS.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 135f

 

Prospective teachers are carefully selected ...

Singapur: „Prospective teachers are carefully selected from the top one-third of the secondary school graduating class.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 141

 

The Ministry of Education keeps a close watch on occupational starting salaries ...

Singapur: „The Ministry of Education keeps a close watch on occupational starting salaries and adjusts the salaries for new teachers to ensure that teaching is seen as equally attractive as other occupations for new graduates.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 142

 

The highest-performing educational systems recruit their teachers from the top third of each cohort of graduates ...

„The highest-performing educational systems recruit their teachers from the top third of each cohort of graduates (top 5 % in Korea, 10 % in Finland and 30 % in Singapore and Japan).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Lessons from PISA for Korea“ (2014), S. 193

 

In Singapore, candidates are chosen from the top third of high school graduates ...

„In Singapore, candidates are chosen from the top third of high school graduates. In Finland, selection is highly competitive, with only about 10 % of applicants gaining entrance to teacher education programmes.“

UNESCO (Hrsg.), „Teaching and learning – Achieving quality for all“ (2014), S. 234

 

Nachhilfeunterricht „big business“ bei den PISA-Siegern ...

„Private tuition is big business in Singapore and other high-performing East Asian countries like South Korea and Japan.“

Dr. Ng Pak Tee, National Institute of Education Singapur, Today online am 9. Juli 2013

 

Die ostasiatischen Spitzenreiter in den jüngsten internationalen Schulstudien wie Hongkong, Korea oder Singapur bieten sogar vier oder mehr Tracks (Schulformen) an ...

„Die ostasiatischen Spitzenreiter in den jüngsten internationalen Schulstudien wie Hongkong, Korea oder Singapur bieten sogar vier oder mehr Tracks (Schulformen) an, was indirekt auch den PISA- und TIMSS-Erfolg deutscher Bundesländer mit gegliederten (Sekundar-)Schulsystemen erklärt.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Kurt Heller, „Gymnasium in Niedersachsen“ 3/2013, S. 20

 

Leistungen der 10-Jährigen ...

„The East Asian countries, including Singapore, Korea, Hong Kong SAR, Chinese Taipei, and Japan excel in mathematics from assessment cycle to assessment cycle, and the Russian Federation and Finland are top performers in reading.“

IEA (Hrsg.), „TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships among reading, mathematics, and science achievement at the fourth grade“ (2013), S. 14

 

Die Leistungen der 10-Jährigen beim Lesen (PIRLS 2011), in der Mathematik und den Naturwissenschaften (TIMSS 2011) ...

„Only Singapore had more than half of its students reach the high benchmark in all three subjects, and only two more countries, Chinese Taipei and Finland, had at least half of their fourth grade students reach the high benchmark in each subject separately.“

IEA (Hrsg.), „TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships among reading, mathematics, and science achievement at the fourth grade“ (2013), S. 5

Von Österreichs 10-Jährigen erreichten nur 18 % in allen drei Bereichen den „high benchmark“ (= 550 Punkte); beim Lesen waren es 39 %, in der Mathematik 26 % und in den Naturwissenschaften 42 %.

 

The Singaporean fourth grade students showed a particular strength in mathematics ...

„The Singaporean fourth grade students showed a particular strength in mathematics, with 78 percent reaching the high benchmark, although achievement was also very good in science (68 %), and in reading (62 %).“

IEA (Hrsg.), „TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships among reading, mathematics, and science achievement at the fourth grade“ (2013), S. 20

Von Österreichs 10-Jährigen erreichten in Mathematik nur 26 % den „high benchmark“ (= 550 Punkte); in den Naturwissenschaften waren es 42 %, beim Lesen 39 %.

 

Countries with the most effective education systems, such as Finland and Singapore, tend to have the most selective teacher recruitment policies ...

„Countries with the most effective education systems, such as Finland and Singapore, tend to have the most selective teacher recruitment policies. In these cases, the teaching profession is considered and treated as a cornerstone of society, acknowledging that teachers enable a country to maximise its future human capital. Only the most talented are encouraged to apply, and there are strict entry criteria based on competence and motivation. This approach is crucial to help boost the status of the profession. Boosting status also requires good pay, good working conditions, a high degree of professional autonomy and high qualification requirements – for all teachers.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „EU High Level Group of Experts on Literacy. Final Report“ (2012), S. 44

 

Singapur: A system of educational streaming was introduced in the 1970s to ensure the highest possible primary-school completion rates ...

Singapur: „A system of educational streaming was introduced in the 1970s to ensure the highest possible primary-school completion rates. The system channels students finishing 6-year primary school to the normal technical, normal academic and social, and express educational streams, respectively, based on their performance measurement results (the better their performance, the more academic type of education they receive).“

Dr. János Gordon Győri u. a., „Mathematical Talent Support at the National University of Singapore High School of Mathematics and Science“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support II. Best practices within and without the European Union II“ (2012), S. 126

 

Singapur: High-Ability Learners’ Program at age 9 ...

Singapur: „Following performance measurement at age 9 (after primary school Grade 3), the best may join the GEP, the Gifted Education Program or the HAL, the High-Ability Learners’ Program. Those in the top 8 % can take part in another round of testing, and the Ministry of Education offers GEP and HAL education from Grade 4 on to those in the topmost 1 % and the next 4 %, respectively.“

Dr. János Gordon Győri u. a., „Mathematical Talent Support at the National University of Singapore High School of Mathematics and Science“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support II. Best practices within and without the European Union II“ (2012), S. 127

 

Singapur: The most outstanding 3 pupils in every 100,000 are provided a very special and highly individualised form of education ...

Singapur: „For a few years now, the Gifted Education Branch (GEB) of the Ministry has been offering an even more attractive talent support option: the most outstanding 3 pupils in every 100,000 (based on the statistical headcount) are provided a very special and highly individualised form of education, with personalised curriculum and topics, and the support of a special professional training staff.“

Dr. János Gordon Győri u. a., „Mathematical Talent Support at the National University of Singapore High School of Mathematics and Science“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support II. Best practices within and without the European Union II“ (2012), S. 127

 

The Singapore education strategy specifically highlights parent involvement as integral to academic success ...

„The Singapore education strategy specifically highlights parent involvement as integral to academic success, saying ‚we can only succeed in our mission with the full support and confidence of parents and the community.‘“

IPPR (Hrsg.), „Oceans of Innovation“ (2012), S. 43

 

Singapur: Initial education provides teachers with high subject content knowledge that is the equivalent of specialist degrees ...

Singapur: „Initial education provides teachers with high subject content knowledge that is the equivalent of specialist degrees. For example, mathematics teacher graduates receive the equivalent mathematics education as a student in a straight mathematics degree at other universities.“

Ben Jensen, „Learning from the best school systems in East Asia“ (2012), S. 52

 

Singapur: In der 5. und 6. Klasse in einer Orientierungsstufe nach Leistungsfähigkeit getrennt ...

Singapur: „Nach einem vierjährigen gemeinsamen Unterricht werden in der 5. und 6. Klasse die Schüler in einer Orientierungsstufe nach ihrer Leistungsfähigkeit getrennt unterrichtet.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Peter Brenner, „Das Gymnasium in Bayern“ (April 2011), S. 31

 

Singapur: In the first four years of secondary education students are distributed in several streams ...

Singapur: „In the first four years of secondary education, the subsequent level, students are distributed in several streams. There is a 'Special Stream' which gathers the top 10 % best-performing students. Children in this stream learn English and their mother tongue (Malay, Chinese etc.) at the highest linguistic level. The Special Stream is followed by the 'Express', the 'Normal Academic' and the 'Normal Vocational' streams, respectively, the academic quality of which decreases in that order.“

Dr. János Gordon Győri, „Talent Support in Southeast Asia: The Singapore Example“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support. Best practices within and without the European Union“ (2011), S. 148

 

Singapurs Engstelle nach der Matura ...

„Singapore has only a few institutions of higher education […] and, consequently, admission is highly competitive.“

Dr. János Gordon Győri, „Talent Support in Southeast Asia: The Singapore Example“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support. Best practices within and without the European Union“ (2011), S. 149

 

Singapur: Talented/gifted children are identified nationally in the 3rd form of primary school ...

Singapur: „Talented/gifted children are identified nationally in the 3rd form of primary school (that is, screening covers every student in 3rd form, unless the family refuses participation), which is an unusually early age in international comparison.“

Dr. János Gordon Győri, „Talent Support in Southeast Asia: The Singapore Example“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support. Best practices within and without the European Union“ (2011), S. 150

 

Singapurs konsequente Leistungsorientierung ...

 „Singapore is characterised by strong meritocratic values, and gifted education is accessible to all, irrespective of family, religious, sexual or other differences.“

Dr. János Gordon Győri, „Talent Support in Southeast Asia: The Singapore Example“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support. Best practices within and without the European Union“ (2011), S. 152

 

Singapore’s Primary School leaving Examination carries astonishingly high stakes ...

„Singapore’s Primary School leaving Examination at the end of Year 6 is not just one more standardized test. It carries astonishingly high stakes. Pupils’ scores affect the status of the secondary school they or their parents might be able to choose and the stream (or track) that they will be assigned to.”

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andy Hargreaves u. a., „The global fourth way“ (2011), S. 74

 

In the countries with the most successful public education teachers come from the upper tier of university graduates ...

„In the countries with the most successful public education (South Korea, Singapore, Hong-Kong, Finland) teachers come from the upper tier of university graduates; in Finland they come from the uppermost 10 %.“

Balázs Hornyák, „Pillars of Talent Support in Finland“. In: Győri, „International horizons of talent support. Best practices within and without the European Union“ (2011), S. 54

 

Singapur: Streaming (tracking) based on academic ability was introduced ...

„Singapore moved away from its earlier one-size-fits-all approach to schooling that would create multiple pathways for students in order to reduce the drop-out rate, improve quality and produce the more technically-skilled labour force needed to achieve the new economic goals. Streaming (tracking) based on academic ability was introduced, starting in elementary schools.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Strong Performers and Successful Reformers in Education“ (2011), S. 162

 

Prospective teachers receive a monthly stipend that is competitive with the monthly salary for fresh graduates in other fields ...

Singapur: „Prospective teachers receive a monthly stipend that is competitive with the monthly salary for fresh graduates in other fields. They must commit to teaching for at least three years.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Strong Performers and Successful Reformers in Education“ (2011), S. 169

 

Südostasien, Kanada und Frankreich betreff Nachhilfe Vorreiter ...

„Not only in Korea but also in countries such as France, Canada, and Singapore, tutoring has moved beyond being just a shadow of the regular system to become a system in its own right which offers additional learning opportunities.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Mark Bray, „Researching shadow education: methodological challenges and directions“. In: „Asia Pacific Education Review“ (2010), 11, S. 10f

 

The world’s top performing school systems recruit, develop and retain what this report will call ‚top third+‘ students ...

„The world’s top performing school systems – Singapore, Finland and South Korea – make a different choice. They recruit, develop and retain what this report will call ‚top third+‘ students as one of their central education strategies, and they’ve achieved extraordinary results.“

McKinsey (Hrsg.), „Closing the Talent Gap: Attracting and Retaining Top Third Graduates to a Career in Teaching“ (2010), S. 5