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On average, 13 % of 15-year-olds in the OECD have repeated at least one grade in primary or secondary school ...

„On average, 13 % of 15-year-olds in the OECD have repeated at least one grade in primary or secondary school. […] In France, Luxembourg, Portugal or Spain, the rate of grade repetition is as high as 35 %.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Trends Shaping Education 2017“ (2017), Spotlight 8, S. 5

 

Klassenwiederholung weit verbreitet ...

„Eine weit verbreitete Stratifizierungsmaßnahme ist die Klassenwiederholung, d.h. die Praxis, leistungsschwache Schüler länger in einer bestimmten Klassenstufe zu lassen, um ihnen mehr Zeit zu geben, sich den Unterrichtsstoff anzueignen.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Ergebnisse. Exzellenz und Chancengerechtigkeit in der Bildung“ (2016), S. 281

 

Grade repetition is used in many systems ...

„Grade repetition, a form of vertical stratification, is used in many systems to give low-performing students a second chance to master their coursework.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Equations and Inequalities“ (2016), S. 92

 

Schweden: One in four young people do not successfully complete upper secondary education by the age of 20 ...

Schweden: „One in four young people do not successfully complete upper secondary education by the age of 20.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2016 – Country analysis“ (2016), S. 278

 

The probability of repeating one or more years ...

„The probability of repeating one or more years is connected with academic skills acquired before starting primary school level.“

Dr. Tommaso Agasisti u. a., „The determinants of repetition rates in Europe“. In: „Journal of Policy Modeling“ (2016), S. 15

 

Promoting students regardless of their mastery of the content ...

„If the curriculum is cumulative and further learning depends on a solid understanding of what had been previously learned, then promoting students regardless of their mastery of the content might put lowperforming students in an increasingly difficult position at higher grades.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 160

 

The rates of year repetition in Dutch primary schools ...

„In Dutch primary schools the rates of year repetition are three times higher than the OECD average (7.7 %).“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Netherlands 2016 – Foundations for the Future“ (2016), S. 57

 

Repetition is most common during the first two years of primary education in the Netherlands ...

Niederlande: „Repetition is most common during the first two years of primary education (at age four or five) and is heavily biased towards children from socio-economically disadvantaged and immigrant backgrounds. In some schools, nearly half of the student population repeats a grade.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Netherlands 2016 – Foundations for the Future“ (2016), S. 57

 

Completing upper secondary education in Sweden ...

Schweden: „One in four young people do not successfully complete upper secondary education by the age of 20.“

EU-Kommission (Hrsg.), „Education and Training Monitor 2015 - Country analysis“ (2015), S. 262

 

Entering upper secondary education in Sweden ...

Schweden: „Of those who enter upper secondary education […] 31 % fail to complete their studies within the three-year norm, and 23 % within four years.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Economic Surveys – Sweden“ (2015), S. 103

 

Many Spanish students complete late ...

„Many Spanish students complete late. 23 % of students complete school as much as two years later than the rest of their Spanish peers.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Spain 2015“ (2015), S. 48

 

Grade repetition in Spain has increased 4 percentage ...

„Grade repetition in Spain has increased 4 percentage points between 2003 and 2012, reaching 32.9 % in 2012.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Spain 2015“ (2015), S. 48

Zum Vergleich: In Österreich sind es 11,9 %. (Quelle: Eurydice (Hrsg.), „Tackling Early Leaving from Education and Training in Europe“ (2014), S. 44)

 

Students from families with low levels of education ...

„In Norway, only 36 % of students from families with low levels of education complete upper secondary programmes in the stipulated time, compared to 70 % of those from highly educated families.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators“ (2014), S. 64

 

The largest proportion of students who had repeated a grade are found in Belgium ...

„The largest proportion of students reporting that they had repeated a grade in primary, lower secondary or upper secondary school can be found in Belgium (36.1 %), closely followed by Spain, Luxembourg and Portugal (all exceeding 30 %). […] In France and the Netherlands, the rates of students who repeated a grade are close to 30 %.“

Eurydice (Hrsg.), „Tackling Early Leaving from Education and Training in Europe“ (2014), S. 44

 

21 % der 15-jährigen Schüler in Südtirol einmal oder mehrmals eine Klasse wiederholt ...

„21 % der 15-jährigen Schüler in Südtirol, die an PISA 2012 teilnahmen, haben in ihrer bisherigen Schullaufbahn einmal oder mehrmals eine Klasse wiederholt.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2012 - Ergebnisse Südtirol” (2014), S. 17

Den 21,3 % Südtirols stehen 11,9 % in Österreich gegenüber.

 

Some 13 % of 15-year-olds repeated at least one year ...

„Some 13 % of 15-year-olds are reported to have repeated at least one year either in primary or secondary school. This proportion is particularly high in Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Portugal and Spain, where it affects over 30 % of students.“

Dr. Andreas Schleicher, PISA-Koordinator der OECD, „Equity, Excellence and Inclusiveness in Education“ (2014), S. 77

In Österreich sind es 11,9 %.

 

The proportion of pupils who lack grades in at least one subject ...

Schweden: „The proportion of pupils who lack grades in at least one subject decreases the higher the education level of the parents. Pupils with university-educated parents had the lowest proportion, 12.7 percent. Among pupils whose parents’ highest education level was upper-secondary school, the proportion was 28.1 percent and for pupils whose parents’ highest education level was compulsory school, it was 56.2 percent.“

Swedish National Agency for Education (Hrsg.), „Facts and figures 2012: Preschool activities, schools and adult education in Sweden“ (2014), S. 26

 

Pupils whose parents’ level of education was compulsory school ...

Schweden: „Of the pupils whose parents’ level of education was compulsory school, 14 percent failed to achieve the goals in English while among pupils with at least one parent with university education, it was just over 1 percent. […] Of the pupils whose parents highest education level was compulsory school, 39 percent failed to achieve the goals in mathematics. The corresponding figure for pupils with one parent with university education was 10 percent. […] Among pupils with parents who only have compulsory school education, 7 percent failed to achieve the goals in the subject test in Swedish while among pupils with at least one parent with university education, it was just over 1 percent.“

Swedish National Agency for Education (Hrsg.), „Facts and figures 2012: Preschool activities, schools and adult education in Sweden“ (2014), S. 26f

 

Over 25 % of 15-year-old students reported having repeated a year ...

„Over 25 % of 15-year-old students in France, Luxembourg, Spain, Portugal, Belgium and the Netherlands reported having repeated a year during their school trajectory in primary and secondary education.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „Synergies for Better Learning“ (2013), S. 210

 

The proportion of those repeating a year in primary education ...

„The proportion of those repeating a year in primary education is particularly high in six countries (Belgium, Spain, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Portugal), ranging from 12.2 % in Spain to 22.4 % in the Netherlands and Portugal.“

Eurydice (Hrsg.), „Education and Training in Europe 2020“ (2013), S. 23

 

Frankreich hinsichtlich der „Sitzenbleiber-Quote“ an der Spitze aller OECD-Länder ...

Frankreich: „28 % der Schülerinnen und Schüler haben im Collège schon einmal ein Schuljahr wiederholt und 38 % der Schülerinnen und Schüler der 9. Klasse haben mindestens ein Jahr in ihrer Schullaufbahn verloren. Damit steht Frankreich hinsichtlich der „Sitzenbleiber-Quote“ an der Spitze aller OECD-Länder.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christine Delory-Momberger, „Der Umgang mit Diversität als ein fundamentales Problem der französischen Schule“ in Schelle u. a., „Schule und Unterricht in Frankreich“ (2012), S. 17