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Spending many hours on homework and in additional instruction ...

Shanghai, Südkorea, Taiwan: „In these Asian countries/economies, spending many hours on homework and in additional instruction seems to be central to the life of top-performing students.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015. Students’ Well-Being“ (2017), S. 76

 

Important for Shanghai to find a healthier balance ...

„It will be increasingly important for Shanghai to find a healthier balance between academic excellence and students’ social and emotional well-being.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 143

 

High level of parental pressure and unhappiness in Shanghai ...

„Students in Shanghai report a high level of parental pressure and unhappiness when compared with their international peers.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 143

 

The average teacher in Shanghai teaches for only 10-12 hours per week ...

„The average teacher in Shanghai teaches for only 10-12 hours per week.“

Dr. Ben Jensen u. a., „Beyond PD: Teacher Professional Learning in High-Performing Systems“ (2016), S. 6

 

Downstream effects of high stakes tests on the lower levels of education in Shanghai ...

Shanghai: „The high stakes zhong kao at the end of ninth grade and the gao kao at high school graduation have tremendous downstream effects on the lower levels of education and continue to influence teaching and learning for testing purposes only.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 82

 

Students undergo intensive preparation for gao kao in Shanghai ...

Shanghai: „Students undergo intensive preparation for gao kao, dedicating the last year of high school almost exclusively to demanding school drills, practice tests, and after-school tutoring sessions.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 94

 

Where students spend 30 hours per week learning at school, and 27 hours after school ...

„In Beijing-Shanghai-Jiangsu-Guangdong (China) students spend 30 hours per week learning at school, and 27 hours after school.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools (2016), S. 227

 

Shanghai one of the most equal education systems among the PISA participants ...

„Shanghai is one of the most equal education systems among the PISA participants. For example, it has the highest proportion of resilient students (19.2 percent), that is, disadvantaged students who perform among the top 25 percent of students across all participating countries and economies after controlling for socioeconomic status.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 102

 

Teachers in Shanghai spend 14 hours per week on actual teaching ...

„On average, teachers in Shanghai report spending 14 hours per week on actual teaching, that is, more than 5 hours less than the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) 2013–14 average of 19.3 hours per week.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 22

 

Bildungsinvestitionen im Vergleich ...

Shanghai: „The city requires that all districts devote no less than 16 percent of their public expenditures to education.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 57

Österreichs Politik investiert 9,8 % aller öffentlichen Ausgaben in Bildung; im OECD-Mittel sind es immerhin 12,5 %.

 

Teaching in Shanghai a socially well regarded and monetarily appealing profession ...

„Teaching in Shanghai is a socially well regarded and monetarily appealing profession, with a proven set of entry requirements. The working conditions, such as infrastructure facilities and student-to-teacher ratio, are attractive, and clear career advancement mechanisms are in place.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 136

 

Special schools for students with hearing, visual, and speech disabilities ...

„Shanghai has special schools for students with hearing, visual, and speech disabilities, as well as schools for mentally challenged children and those with autism.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 62ff

 

Shanghai does not allow migrant children to enroll in public senior secondary schools ...

Shanghai: „The city does not allow migrant children to enroll in its public senior secondary schools, limiting their potential.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), Executive Summary

 

One of the heaviest homework loads ...

„Students in Shanghai are found to have one of the heaviest homework loads as revealed by the student questionnaire on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) tests, with about 11 hours per week devoted to homework.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 95

Österreich: 4,5 Stunden; OECD-Mittelwert: 4,9 Stunden

 

Shanghai has made an effort not to rank student exam results ...

„One positive observation is that Shanghai has made an effort not to rank or publish individual student exam results or to use exam results as an explicit mechanism for teacher rewards or sanctions.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), Executive Summary

 

Students in Shanghai are found to have one of the heaviest homework loads ...

„Students in Shanghai are found to have one of the heaviest homework loads as revealed by the student questionnaire on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) tests, with about 11 hours per week devoted to homework.“

Weltbank (Hrsg.), „How Shanghai Does It“ (2016), S. 95

 

Die PISA-Ergebnisse von Shanghai sind mit die besten ...

„Die PISA-Ergebnisse von Shanghai sind mit die besten. Aber wie zufrieden sind denn die Schüler, die oben auf der Rangliste sind? Chinesische Grundschüler haben weltweit mit die höchste Selbstmordrate, chinesische Studenten mit die höchste Burnout-Rate. Sie sind extrem erfolgreich bei PISA, aber nicht zufrieden mit ihrem Leben.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Klaus Zierer in Nida-Rümelin u. a., „Auf dem Weg in eine neue deutsche Bildungskatastrophe“ (2015), S. 107

 

Heavy emphasis on rote memorisation ...

Shanghai: „The education system here puts a heavy emphasis on rote memorisation, which is great for students' test-taking ability but not for their problem-solving and leadership abilities or their interpersonal skills.”

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Lao Kaisheng, The Observer vom 22. Februar 2014

 

Across OECD countries, 18 % of students skipped at least one class ...

„Across OECD countries, 18 % of students skipped at least one class and 15% skipped at least an entire day of school without authorisation in the two weeks before the PISA test. […] In most high-performing school systems, such as Hong Kong-China, Japan, Korea and Shanghai-China, virtually no student skips classes or days of school.“

OECD (Hrsg.), „PISA in Focus“, Nr. 35, Jänner 2014, S. 1f

 

In Shanghai schools, children are geared to an exam-oriented culture ...

„In Shanghai schools, children are geared to an exam-oriented culture and a teaching system that emphasizes memorization and rote learning. They drill a lot and learn basic facts and structures of logic from these repetitive exercises.”

Univ.-Prof. Dr. David Kamens, „Globalization and the Emergence of an Audit Culture: PISA and the search for ‘best practices’ and magic bullets“ in Meyer u. a., „PISA, Power und Policy“ (2013), S. 132

 

Shanghai students have the second longest study hours ...

„A China Report 2009 conducted by Peking University shows that Shanghai students have the second longest study hours per day in China, at 13.2 hours, just after Beijing at 14.4 hours.“

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Charlene Tan, „The culture of education policy making: curriculum reform in Shanghai“ in „Critical Studies in Education“ (2012), 53:2, S. 162

 

Shanghai students enjoy the very best China’s uneven schools can offer ...

„The Shanghai students who triumphed in the tests enjoy the very best China’s uneven schools can offer. Their experience has little in common with those of their peers in rural schools, or the makeshift migrant schools of the big cities, not to mention the armies of teenagers who abandon secondary school in favour of the factory floor.“

Los Angeles Times vom 13. Jänner 2011